Royal Netherlands Institute for Sea Research
Royal Netherlands
Institute for Sea Research
Phone number
+31 (0)222 36 9391
Ocean Systems (OCS)
Senior Scientist
  • Biogeosciences
  • Sedimentology
  • Particle transport processes
  • Carbon cycling

Dr. Furu Mienis

Senior Scientist

‘Deep canyons are the ocean’s drains’

Marine geologist Furu Mienis studies the carbon budget in the deep sea. ‘That budget is an important part of the current climate issue. I am studying several of the 6000 or so deep gorges or so-called submarine canyons found worldwide, such as the Whittard canyon off the coast of Ireland. These canyons which are similar in size as canyons on land like the Grand Canyon, are literally the ocean’s drains, connecting the shallow productive shelf areas with the food-deprived deep sea. Especially after heavy storms but also after the large-scale fishing on the continental slopes, a lot of material disappears via these canyons into the deep sea. Due to the turbulence in and around the deep gorges that cut across the slopes, material is deposited at the deepest point: the canyon floors.’

Carbon cycle

Part of the material that disappears into the deep sea via canyons literally consists of waste, such as plastics. However, I mainly examine the organic material, which predominantly consists of dead plankton. When plankton dies, they slowly sink to the bottom. Canyon processes can speed up this process resulting in a lot more carbon disappearing into the deep sea. If that organic material in the deep sea is subsequently buried it is removed from the carbon cycle, being a valuable part in the carbon budget. However, the high amounts of organic matter also form an important food source for fauna, which makes these canyon systems ecosystem hotspots in the deep sea.

Deep-sea corals

‘Some of the organic material that disappears into the deep sea is re-used as food by other forms of life, such as deep-sea corals. These corals do not rely like their tropical counterparts on algal symbionts, but actively capture food particles from the water column with their tentacles. These deep-sea coral reefs are hotspots of biodiversity and biomass and provide important habitat for a lot of life, which is still partly unknown at present!’

‘Oceans are by far the largest reservoir of free carbon. The balance between carbon in the oceans, which is once again taken up in corals and other life, and carbon that is permanently removed from the cycle is, therefore, an extremely important part of the problem concerning CO2 emission and climate change.’

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Research interests

My research fits at the interplay between sedimentology, ecology and physical oceanography. It focuses on understanding environmental conditions and dynamics that influence the functioning of often vulnerable ecosystems in the deep sea (e.g. cold-water coral reefs, sponge grounds, canyons). I mainly focus on the identification of transport and (food) particle supply mechanisms to the deep-sea. Using benthic observatories I measure vertical and lateral particle supply and transport in the benthic boundary layer near deep-sea ecosystems. Subsequently, the knowledge of recent conditions is applied to reconstruct environmental conditions in the past using sediment cores.


Current projects

BYPASS? - The unknown role of Submarine canyons – Pathways or sinks for Organic Carbon?

Whereas it is clear that on geological timescales the marine carbon cycle controls global carbon partitioning and hence atmospheric pCO2, carbon fluxes within the marine domain remain poorly constrained. Although Earth System Models take into account vertical organic carbon fluxes in the ocean, lateral transport pathways are seriously understudied and therefore not included in such models. Multiple studies indicate that lateral transport actually plays a dominant role in organic matter fluxes from continental margins to the deep ocean. Most of this lateral transport is probably channelled through so-called submarine canyons, which provide effective connections between productive shelf waters and the nutrient-poor deep-sea. Moreover, submarine canyons not only provide effective conduits, but also their steep and irregular topography interacts with hydrography, resulting in enhanced turbulence and mixing that affects organic matter dispersal, remineralization and potentially even retention. The heterogeneity of canyons provides a multitude of habitats for deep-sea fauna, which play a significant role in remineralisation processes. These so far unquantified pathways urgently need to be constrained to provide crucial boundary conditions for Earth System Models, and hence better prediction of future climate change. Therefore, I here propose to establish a process based understanding of the role of submarine canyons in deep-sea carbon pathways, using a multidisciplinary approach. Deep-sea benthic observatories equipped with novel instruments will be deployed to capture physical processes that govern particle transport at all relevant time scales. Particle fluxes and biogeochemical properties will be determined to distinguish between fresh and refractory carbon. These will be related to community respiration of biodiversity hotpots within canyons to establish remineralisation rates. Especially in a fast changing world it is crucially important to understand transport, sequestration and remineralisation processes, as these underlay carbon fluxes between surface and deep ocean and hence potentially have both positive and negative feedbacks on climate change.


SponGES - Deep-sea Sponge Grounds Ecosystems of the North Atlantic: an integrated approach towards their preservation and sustainable exploitation

The objective of SponGES is to develop an integrated ecosystem-based approach to preserve and sustainably use vulnerable sponge ecosystems of the North Atlantic. The SponGES consortium, an international and interdisciplinary collaboration of research institutions, environmental non-governmental and intergovernmental organizations, will focus on one of the most diverse, ecologically and biologically important and vulnerable marine ecosystems of the deep-sea - sponge grounds – that to date have received very little research and conservation attention. Our approach will address the scope
and challenges of EC’s Blue Growth Call by strengthening the knowledge base, improving innovation, predicting changes, and providing decision support tools for management and sustainable use of marine resources. SponGES will fill knowledge gaps on vulnerable sponge ecosystems and provide guidelines for their preservation and sustainable exploitation. North Atlantic deep-sea sponge grounds will be mapped and characterized, and a geographical information system on sponge grounds will be developed to determine drivers of past and present distribution. Diversity, biogeographic and connectivity
patterns will be investigated through a genomic approach. Function of sponge ecosystems and the goods and services they provide, e.g. in habitat provision, bentho-pelagic coupling and biogeochemical cycling will be identified and quantified. This project will further unlock the potential of sponge grounds for innovative blue biotechnology namely towards drug discovery and tissue engineering. It will improve predictive capacities by quantifying threats related to fishing, climate change, and local disturbances. SpongeGES outputs will form the basis for modeling and predicting future ecosystem dynamics under environmental changes. SponGES will develop an adaptive ecosystem-based management plan that enables conservation
and good governance of these marine resources on regional and international levels.

More information about the project can be found at or follow us on facebook @deep-sea sponges


SHADOW - Measuring the ‘shadow’ of artificial structures in the North Sea and its effect on the surrounding soft bottom community

Artificial structures in the North Sea offer hard substrate to a rich and diverse epifauna in an area covered by soft sediment. The protected no-trawling zones around the offshore installations form a refuge for vulnerable soft sediment fauna. On basis of the high biomass of epifauna found on artificial structures, we hypothesize that this epifauna community acts as biofilter depleting primary organic matter in the water column while producing feaces, nutrients, dissolved organics, and propagules (larvae). In doing so the epifauna on the structures cast a “shadow” around the installation where physico-chemical conditions and the particle flux are altered. The altered particle flux in turn will have an effect on the benthic ecosystem around the installation. This effect will become less pronounced in deeper water due to general attenuation of the particle flux. Through production of propagules (larvae) the epifauna community contributes to persistence of rare and endangered species in the heavily trawled North Sea. To test our hypotheses, we aim to: 1) measure concentrations and fluxes of particles (organic matter, larvae) and solutes (nutrients, dissolved organic matter) around an offshore installation in a shallow vs deep setting, 2) measure impacts on the surrounding benthic community through community parameters (biomass, respiration), 3) model the “shadow” effect on the basis of observations and existing data, and 4) identify and quantify the production of propagules. Above will be accomplished by a combination of lab studies, short-term field studies, and long-term deployment of particle traps.



2012-2015 Postdoctoral Researcher Royal NIOZ

VENI-NWO - Cold-water coral ecosystems: carbon sinks in the deep sea and BOEM canyons project - Pathways to the abyss

Member of the executive organising committee of the 5th International Symposium on Deep-Sea Corals (ISDSC 5), which was held 1-6 April 2012, Amsterdam and guest editor Deep Sea Research II Special issue "Cold Corals" (Proceedings of ISDSC 5)

2010-2012 Post-doc at MARUM, Bremen University (research fellowship)

2008-2010: Post-doctoral researcher (NIOZ), Project MiCROSYSTEMS, Microbial Diversity and Functionality in Cold-Water Coral Reef Ecosystems

2003-2008: PhD-student (NIOZ) working on the MOUNDFORCE project, Environmental Constraints on Cold-water Coral Growth and Carbonate Mound Formation.

1998-2003: Study geology (M.Sc.) at the VU University (Vrije Universiteit) Amsterdam - with specialisation in sedimentology and environmental analysis.

Research cruises

  • 28 August - 8 September 2017, M.L. Black, SponGES, Vazella grounds on the Canadian margin
  • 19 July - 6 August 2017, GO Sars, SponGES, deep-sea sponge grounds at the Norwegian margin
  • 12-29 May 2017, RV Pelagia (Chief scientist), BYPASS? - particle transport processes in Whittard Canyon
  • 24 April - 11 May 2017, RV Pelagia, ATLAS - cold-water coral research at Rockall Bank
  • 17 July - 8 August 2016, GO Sars, SponGES deployment of bottom observatory at Schultz Massif
  • 7-12 May 2016, RV Pelagia (Chief Scientist), SHADOW - measuring the influence of man made structures in the North Sea, sediment and water sampling, deployment of landers and moorings
  • 4-30 April 2015, RV Pelagia, TREASURE, Rainbow vent site (mid oceanic ridge), deep sea mining
  • 4-16 October 2013, RV Pelagia (Chief scientist), CORALS2013, Logachev mound area, biodiversity, (near-bed) hydrodynamic controls, sedimentology, recovery bottom lander
  • 19-28 August 2013, RV Nancy Foster, Mid Atlantic Canyons Cruise, Baltimore and Norfolk Canyon, US margin
  • 1-28 October 2012, RV Pelagia (Chief scientist), CORALS2012, Logachev mound area, biodiversity, (near-bed) hydrodynamic controls, sedimentology, recovery and deployment bottom landers
  • 15-30 August 2012, RV Nancy Foster, Mid Atlantic Canyons Cruise, Baltimore and Norfolk Canyon, US margin
  • 22-29 March 2011, RV Justo Sierra, HOLOVAR, Yucatan Strait, Gulf of Mexico, sediment cores
  • 27 May-10 June 2010, RV Pelagia (Chief scientist), TRACOS cruise Cape Lookout cold-water coral area, US margin, biodiversity, geology and hydrodynamic controls, recovery benthic landers
  • 1-9 December 2009, RV Cape Hatteras, NOAA-USGS cruise to the carbonate mounds on the North Carolina margin, deployment of benthic landers and mooring
  • 13-26 September 2009, RV Seward Johnson, NOAA-USGS cruise to the Gulf of Mexico, dives with the submersible Johnson Sealink II, bottom sampling and recovery of landers
  • 5-16 October 2008, RV Nancy Foster, NOAA-USGS cruise to GoM, study distribution of cold-water corals on the Viosca Knoll
  • 20 October-9 November 2006, RV Pelagia (co-chief scientist), Esonet/Move! Gulf of Cadiz, test of new pan/tilt video system and the MOVE!
  • 19 June-7 July 2006, RV Pelagia, Hermes, SW RT margin, recovery of BOBO lander, CTD profiling, sediment and water column sampling in cooperation with marine ecologists
  • 18 May-19 June 2005, RV Pelagia (co-chief scientist), Microsystems, Gulf of Cadiz, Penduick escarpment. Study of fossil cold-water coral carbonate mounds
  • 26 February-15 March 2005, RRS Discovery, Mozambique Channel, long term observations on the hydrography and sediment sampling of the Western margin of the Mozambique Channel
  • 15 August-9 September 2004, RV Pelagia (co-chief scientist), Moundforce Gulf of Cadiz and SW RT margin, Study of carbonate mound development
  • 11-31 October 2003, RV Pelagia, Portuguese margin, Setubal and Nazare canyons, sediment dispersal in submarine canyons of the Portuguese Atlantic margin
  • 24 July-19 August 2003, RV Pelagia, Moundforce SW Rockall Trough margin, Study of carbonate mound development
  • 21 June-14 July 2002, RV Pelagia, TOBI side scan sonar survey Rockall Trough margins
  • 25 June – 9 July 2001, RV Pelagia, Cold-water corals along the Rockall Trough margins, Study of carbonate mound development

Linked news

Sunday 05 March 2023
Ocean treaty: 30% of the oceans protected in 2030
Researchers at NIOZ welcome the UN treaty on ocean protection signed last night after many years of negotiations. By 2030, 30% of the seas must be protected. So far, only 1.2% of the sea is protected. [Dutch follows English]
Friday 29 July 2022
How coastal seas help the ocean in absorbing carbon dioxide from the atmosphere
The biologically productive North Sea impacts the global climate through exchange of carbon and nutrients with the Atlantic Ocean. A Dutch consortium of scientists will investigate how big this role of the North Sea really is. Under the leadership of…
Friday 08 July 2022
Researchers unravelled how deep-sea sponge grounds can survive far away from common food sources
Sponge grounds, areas with high densities of deep-sea sponges, are hotspots of biodiversity and biomass in the food deprived deep sea. They are just like oases in the desert. It was unknown how these sponge grounds could survive in this food-limited…
Tuesday 09 November 2021
Important role for cold-water coral and sponge reefs in the deep sea
With the deep sea being more and more impacted by anthropogenic pressures, it is crucial that we begin to understand why these reefs grow where they grow and what the role of these biological hotspots is in the sustenance of the deep-sea ecosystem.…
Thursday 23 September 2021
New, innovative equipment for national marine research
Under the leadership of the Royal Netherlands Institute for Sea Research (NIOZ), a large consortium of national marine research and education institutes has been focusing, over the past few years, on the now necessary replacement of the national…
Thursday 25 March 2021
Arctic sponge survival in the extreme deep sea
For the first time, researchers from the SponGES project collected year-round video footage and hydrodynamic data from the mysterious world of a deep-sea sponge ground in the Arctic. Deep sea sponge grounds are often compared to the rich ecosystems…
Thursday 07 January 2021
€ 3,5 million awarded for Dutch Caribbean coral reef research
We know that coral reefs worldwide are in decline; remarkably little is known about how exactly this happens. That is why a major multidisciplinary research project will start in the coming years within the NWO's Caribbean Research programme under…
Wednesday 29 April 2020
New study: These cold water cor­als in the deep sea ad­apt to ex­treme oxy­gen de­ple­tion
Reefs of cold wa­ter cor­als are unique biod­iversity hot spots in the deep sea. In or­der to grow, reef-build­ing spe­cies like Lophelia pertusa need specific environmental conditions in terms of temperature, oxygen levels and pH of the water…
Monday 09 March 2020
Tweede natuurwijzer met oceanografe Furu Mienis op zondag 15 maart
In de aflevering van Natuurwijzer op zondag 15 maart praat radiomaakster Tessel Blok met marien geoloog Furu Mienis van het NIOZ.
Thursday 22 February 2018
NICO-expeditie onthult allereerste beelden van Nederlandse diepzee bij Saba
Marien ecologen van de NICO-expeditie maakten deze week de eerste beelden ooit van de Nederlandse diepzee bij Saba. De unieke videobeelden van het Koninklijk Nederlands Instituut voor Onderzoek der Zee (NIOZ) onthullen voor het eerst wat er leeft in…

Linked blogs

Monday 22 May 2023
NoSE expedition to the Norwegian Trench 26 May - 14 June 2023
The biologically productive North Sea impacts the global climate through exchange of carbon and nutrients with the Atlantic Ocean. The North Sea is a very productive coastal sea. A lot of carbon dioxide (CO2) can be taken up through physical,…
Tuesday 11 April 2023
OASIS cruise | Exploring the Alboran Sea
During the OASIS cruise, awarded to ICM CSIC by Eurofleets+, we are exploring a little part of this wilderness in the Alboran sea in the westernmost part of Mediterranean Sea.
Wednesday 09 November 2022
BLOG New Research Fleet Equipment | Training and sea acceptance tests Slocum gliders
After the tender procedure, three Slocum gliders have been purchased from Teledyne Webb Research. The first two weeks of November 2022, a team of scientists, electrical engineers and ship technicians went to SOCIB on Mallorca for combined operational…
Wednesday 13 April 2022
Sealink expedition 2022
From 7-18 April scientists of NIOZ on board the RV Pelagia collect data and samples in the Sealink project. In the interdisciplinary Sealink project, Dutch and Caribbean scientists are investigating how water quality affects coral reef health along…
Monday 31 January 2022
Podcast Van Delta tot Diepzee aflevering 19_Diepzeeonderzoek als ontdekkingsreis naar het grote onbekende
Als er ooit iemand de stop uit de zee zou trekken en al het water gorgelend in een afvoerputje zou verdwijnen, dan zou er, waar nu water is, een landschap tevoorschijn komen met oneindige vlaktes, heuvelland, vulkanen, bergketens en duizelingwekkend…
Friday 12 June 2020
NIOZ@SEA | Whittard Canyon 2020
We are at sea again with the RV Pelagia! After months working at home, it is even more special to be able to go out at sea and therefore we are extremely excited that we have the opportunity to recover valuable equipment and data. Follow expedition…
Tuesday 07 April 2020
New dusty paper out: Saharan dust versus Amazon River water
In their new paper that appeared today in the open-access version of Limnology & Oceanography, entitled “Multiple drivers of production and particle export in the western tropical North Atlantic”, Laura Korte and colleagues present a comprehensive…
Tuesday 18 June 2019
NIOZ@Sea | The mysteries and secrets of Whittard Canyon
Canyons might form important pathways for carbon transport to the deep-sea. How does that work? Follow the blogs of NIOZ researchers aboard R.V. Pelagia as they cruise the Whittard Canyon complex situated in the Bay of Biscay.
Wednesday 24 April 2019
DEEP SEARCH 2019 on cold-water coral reefs
How Benthic Landers Help Us Understand Why Corals Thrive in the Deep-sea. Read the blog by Furu Mienis, NIOZ Research Scientist. She joined the DEEP SEARCH 2019 expedition together with PhD student Sofia Ledin.
Tuesday 26 February 2019
NIOZ@SEA | 64PE450
Along the southwestern African continental margin off Namibia and Angola coral mound provinces were found during the Meteor (ANNA) cruise in 2016. While the corals in the south along the Namibian margin were mostly fossil frame structures, the corals…

NIOZ publications

  • 2023
    Vandorpe, T.; Delivet, S.; Blamart, D.; Wienberg, C.; Bassinot, F.; Mienis, F.; Stuut, J.-B.W.; Van Rooij, D. (2023). Palaeoceanographic and hydrodynamic variability for the last 47kyr in the southern Gulf of Cádiz (Atlantic Moroccan margin): Sedimentary and climatic implications. Depositional Record 9(1): 30-51.
  • 2022
    Busch, K.; Slaby, B.M.; Bach, W.; Boetius, A.; Clefsen, I.; Colaço, A.; Creemers, M.; Cristobo, J.; Federwisch, L.; Franke, A.; Gavriilidou, A.; Hethke, A.; Kenchington, E.; Mienis, F.; Mills, S.; Riesgo, A.; Ríos, P.; Roberts, E.M.; Sipkema, D.; Pita, L.; Schupp, P.J.; Xavier, J.; Rapp, H.T.; Hentschel, U. (2022). Biodiversity, environmental drivers, and sustainability of the global deep-sea sponge microbiome. Nature Comm. 13: 5160.
    Corbera, G.; Lo Iacono, C.; Simarro, G.; Grinyó, J; Ambroso, S.; Huvenne, V.A.I.; Mienis, F.; Carreiro-Silva, M.; Martins, I.; Mano, B.; Orejas, C.; Larsson, A.; Hennige, S.; Gori, A. (2022). Local-scale feedbacks influencing cold-water coral growth and subsequent reef formation. NPG Scientific Reports 12: 20389.
    de Graaf, S.; Vonhof, H.B.; Reijmer, J.J.G.; Feenstra, E.; Mienis, F.; Prud'homme, C.; Zinke, J.; van der Lubbe, J.H.J.L.; Swart, P.K.; Haug, G.H. (2022). Analytical artefacts preclude reliable isotope ratio measurement of internal water in coral skeletons. Geostand. Geoanal. Res. 46(3): 563-577.
    Hanz, U.; Riekenberg, P.M.; de Kluijver, A.; van der Meer, M.T.J.; Middelburg, J.J.; de Goeij, J.M.; Bart, M.C.; Wurz, E.; Colaço, A.; Duineveld, G.C.A.; Reichart, G.-J.; Rapp, H.T.; Mienis, F. (2022). The important role of sponges in carbon and nitrogen cycling in a deep‐sea biological hotspot. Funct. Ecol. 36(9): 2188-2199.
    Heijnen, M.S.; Mienis, F.; Gates, A.R.; Bett, B.J.; Hall, R.A.; Hunt, J.; Kane, I.A.; Pebody, C.; Huvenne, V.A.I.; Soutter, E.L.; Clare, M.A. (2022). Challenging the highstand-dormant paradigm for land-detached submarine canyons. Nature Comm. 13(1): 3448.
    Humphreys, M.P.; Meesters, E.H.; de Haas, H.; Karancz, S.; Delaigue, L.; Bakker, K.; Duineveld, G.; de Goeyse, S.; Haas, A.F.; Mienis, F.; Ossebaar, S.; van Duyl, F.C. (2022). Dissolution of a submarine carbonate platform by a submerged lake of acidic seawater. Biogeosciences 19(2): 347-358.
    Roohi, R.; Hoogenboom, R.; van Bommel, R.; Van der Meer, M.T.J.; Mienis, F.; Gollner, S. (2022). Influence of chemoautotrophic organic carbon on sediment and its infauna in the vicinity of the rainbow vent field. Front. Mar. Sci. 9: 732740.
    van Haren, H.; Mienis, F.; Duineveld, G. (2022). Contrasting internal tide turbulence in a tributary of the Whittard Canyon. Cont. Shelf Res. 236: 104679.
    Vandorpe, T.; Delivet, S.; Blamart, D.; Wienberg, C.; Bassinot, F.; Mienis, F.; Stuut, J.-B.W.; Van Rooij, D. (2022). Palaeoceanographic and hydrodynamic variability for the last 47 kyr in the southern Gulf of Cádiz (Atlantic Moroccan margin): Sedimentary and climatic implications. Depositional Record Early view.
  • 2021
    Bourque, J.R.; Demopoulos, A.W.J.; Robertson, C.M.; Mienis, F. (2021). The role of habitat heterogeneity and canyon processes in structuring sediment macrofaunal communities associated with hard substrate habitats in Norfolk Canyon, USA. Deep-Sea Res., Part 1, Oceanogr. Res. Pap. 170: 103495.
    de Kluijver, A.; Nierop, K.G.J.; Morganti, T.M.; Bart, M.C.; Slaby, B.M.; Hanz, U.; de Goeij, J.M.; Mienis, F.; Middelburg, J.J. (2021). Bacterial precursors and unsaturated long-chain fatty acids are biomarkers of North-Atlantic deep-sea demosponges. PLoS One 16: e0241095.
    Haalboom, S.; de Stigter, H.; Duineveld, G.; van Haren, H.; Reichart, G.-J.; Mienis, F. (2021). Suspended particulate matter in a submarine canyon (Whittard Canyon, Bay of Biscay, NE Atlantic Ocean): Assessment of commonly used instruments to record turbidity. Mar. Geol. 434: 106439.
    Hanz, U.; Beazley, L.; Kenchington, E.; Duineveld, G.; Rapp, H.T.; Mienis, F. (2021). Seasonal variability in near-bed environmental conditions in the Vazella pourtalesii glass sponge grounds of the Scotian Shelf. Front. Mar. Sci. 7: 597682.
    Hanz, U.; Roberts, E.M.; Duineveld, G.; Davies, A.; van Haren, H.; Rapp, H.T.; Reichart, G.-J.; Mienis, F. (2021). Long‐term observations reveal environmental conditions and food supply mechanisms at an Arctic deep‐sea sponge ground. JGR: Oceans 126(3): e2020JC016776.
    Maier, S.R.; Mienis, F.; de Froe, E.; Soetaert, K.; Lavaleye, M.; Duineveld, G.C.A.; Beauchard, O.; van der Kaaden, A.-S.; Koch, B.P.; van Oevelen, D. (2021). Reef communities associated with ‘dead’ cold-water coral framework drive resource retention and recycling in the deep sea. Deep-Sea Res., Part 1, Oceanogr. Res. Pap. 175: 103574.
    Maldonado, M.; Beazley, L.; López-Acosta, M.; Kenchington, E.; Casault, B.; Hanz, U.; Mienis, F. (2021). Massive silicon utilization facilitated by a benthic‐pelagic coupled feedback sustains deep‐sea sponge aggregations. Limnol. Oceanogr. 66(2): 366-391.
    Mienis, F. (2021). Koraal en sponsriffen in de diepzee. Grondboor Hamer 75(3/4): 117-121
    Sandulli, R.; Ingels, J.; Zeppilli, D.; Sweetman, A.K.; Hardy Mincks, S.; Mienis, F.; Chin-Lin, W. (2021). Editorial: Extreme benthic communities in the age of global change. Front. Mar. Sci. 7: 609648.
  • 2020
    Busch; Hanz, U.; Mienis, F.; Mueller; Franke, A.; Roberts, E.M.; Rapp, H.T.; Hentschel, U. (2020). On giant shoulders: how a seamount affects the microbial community composition of seawater and sponges. Biogeosciences 17(13): 3471-3486.
    de Bar, M.W.; Weiss, G.M.; Yildiz, C.; Rampen, S.W.; Lattaud, J.; Bale, N.J.; Mienis, F.; Brummer, G.-J. A.; Schulz, H.; Rush, D.; Kim, J.-H.; Donner, B.; Knies, J.; Lückge, A.; Stuut, J.-B.W.; Sinninghe Damsté, J.S; Schouten, S. (2020). Global temperature calibration of the Long chain Diol Index in marine surface sediments. Org. Geochem. 142: 103983.
    Haalboom, S.; Price, D.M.; Mienis, F.; van Bleijswijk, J.D.L.; de Stigter, H.; Witte, H.J.; Reichart, G.-J.; Duineveld, G.C.A. (2020). Patterns of (trace) metals and microorganisms in the Rainbow hydrothermal vent plume at the Mid-Atlantic Ridge. Biogeosciences 17(9): 2499-2519.
    Hebbeln, D.; Wienberg, C.; Dullo, W.-C.; Freiwald, A.; Mienis, F.; Orejas, C.; Titschack, J. (2020). Cold-water coral reefs thriving under hypoxia. Coral Reefs 39(4): 853-859.
    Klunder, L.; Lavaleye, M.; Filippidi, A.; van Bleijswijk, J.; Reichart, G.-J.; van der Veer, H.W.; Duineveld, G.C.A.; Mienis, F. (2020). Impact of an artificial structure on the benthic community composition in the southern North Sea: assessed by a morphological and molecular approach. ICES J. Mar. Sci./J. Cons. int. Explor. Mer 77(3): 1167-1177.
    Korte, L.F.; Brummer, G.-J. A.; van der Does, M.; Guerreiro, C.V.; Mienis, F.; Munday, C.I.; Ponsoni, L.; Schouten, S.; Stuut, J.-B.W. (2020). Multiple drivers of production and particle export in the western tropical North Atlantic. Limnol. Oceanogr. 65(9): 2108-2124.
    Meyer, H.K.; Roberts, E.M.; Mienis, F.; Rapp, H.T. (2020). Drivers of megabenthic community structure in one of the world’s deepest silled-fjords, Sognefjord (western Norway). Front. Mar. Sci. 7: Article 393.
    Robertson; Demopoulos; Bourque; Mienis, F.; Duineveld, G.C.A.; Lavaleye, M.S.; Koivisto; Brooke, S.D.; Ross; Rhode, M.; Davies, A.J. (2020). Submarine canyons influence macrofaunal diversity and density patterns in the deep-sea benthos. Deep-Sea Res., Part 1, Oceanogr. Res. Pap. 159: 103249.
    Schulz, K.; Soetaert, K.; Mohn, C.; Korte, L.F.; Mienis, F.; Duineveld, G.C.A.; van Oevelen, D. (2020). Linking large-scale circulation patterns to the distribution of cold water corals along the eastern Rockall Bank (northeast Atlantic). J. Mar. Syst. 212: 103456.
  • 2019
    Colin, C.; Tisnérat-Laborde, N.; Mienis, F.; Collart, T.; Pons-Branchu, E.; Dubois-Dauphin, Q.; Frank, N.; Dapoigny, A.; Ayache, M.; Swingedouw, D.; Dutay, J.-C.; Eynaud, F.; Debret, M.; Blamart, D.; Douville, E. (2019). Millennial-scale variations of the Holocene North Atlantic mid-depth gyre inferred from radiocarbon and neodymium isotopes in cold water corals. Quat. Sci. Rev. 211: 93-106.
    de Froe; Rovelli; Glud, R.N.; Maier, S.R.; Duineveld, G.; Mienis, F.; Lavaleye, M.; van Oevelen, D. (2019). Benthic oxygen and nitrogen exchange on a cold-water coral reef in the North-East Atlantic Ocean. Front. Mar. Sci. 6.
    Hanz, U.; Wienberg, C.; Hebbeln, D.; Duineveld, G.; Lavaleye, M.; Juva, K.; Dullo, W.-C.; Freiwald, A.; Tamborrino, L.; Reichart, G.-J. (2019). Environmental factors influencing benthic communities in the oxygen minimum zones on the Angolan and Namibian margins. Biogeosciences 16(22): 4337-4356.
    Mienis, F. (2019). Cruise Report BYPASS 2019, 06‐06‐2019 – 24‐06‐2019, Texel ‐ Terceira, 64PE453 : The unknown role of Whittard Canyon – Pathway or sink for organic carbon? NIOZ Netherlands Royal Institute for Sea Research: Texel. 84 pp.
    Mienis, F.; Bouma, T.J.; Witbaard, R.; van Oevelen, D.; Duineveld, G.C.A. (2019). Experimental assessment of the effects of coldwater coral patches on water flow. Mar. Ecol. Prog. Ser. 609: 101-117.
    Tamborrino, L.; Wienberg, C.; Titschack, J.; Wintersteller, P.; Mienis, F.; Schröder-Ritzrau, A.; Freiwald, A.; Orejas, C.; Dullo, W.-C.; Haberkern; Hebbeln, D. (2019). Mid-Holocene extinction of cold-water corals on the Namibian shelf steered by the Benguela oxygen minimum zone. Geology (Boulder Colo.) 47(12): 1185-1188.
    van Haren, H.; Duineveld, G.; Mienis, F. (2019). Internal wave observations off Saba Bank. Front. Mar. Sci. 5.
  • 2018
    Bonneau, L.; Colin, C.; Pons-Branchu, E.; Mienis, F.; Tisnerat-Laborde, N.; Blamart, D.; Elliot, M.; Collart, T.; Frank, N.; Foliot, L.; Douville, E. (2018). Imprint of Holocene climate variability on cold-water coral reef growth at the SW Rockall Trough Margin, NE Atlantic. Geochem. Geophys. Geosyst. 19(8): 2437-2452.
    Roberts, E.M.; Mienis, F.; Rapp, H.T.; Hanz, U.; Meyer, H.K.; Davies, A.J. (2018). Oceanographic setting and short-timescale environmental variability at an Arctic seamount sponge ground. Deep-Sea Res., Part 1, Oceanogr. Res. Pap. 138: 98-113.
  • 2017
    Brooke, S.D.; Watts, M.W.; Heil, A.D.; Rhode, M.; Mienis, F.; Duineveld, G.C.A.; Davies, A.J.; Ross, S.W. (2017). Distributions and habitat associations of deep-water corals in Norfolk and Baltimore Canyons, Mid-Atlantic Bight, USA. Deep-Sea Res., Part II, Top. Stud. Oceanogr. A137: 131–147.
    Demopoulos, A.W.J.; McClain-Counts, J.; Ross, S.W.; Brooke, S.; Mienis, F. (2017). Food-web dynamics and isotopic niches in deep-sea communities residing in a submarine canyon and on the adjacent open slopes. Mar. Ecol. Prog. Ser. 578: 19-33.
    Prouty, N.G.; Mienis, F.; Campbell-Swarzenski, P.; Roark, E.B.; Davies, A.J.; Robertson, C.M.; Duineveld, G.; Ross, S.W.; Rhode, M.; Demopoulos, A.W.J. (2017). Seasonal variability in the source and composition of particulate matter in the depositional zone of Baltimore Canyon, U.S. Mid-Atlantic Bight. Deep-Sea Res., Part 1, Oceanogr. Res. Pap. 127: 77-89.
    van Haren, H.; Hanz, U.; de Stigter, H.; Mienis, F.; Duineveld, G. (2017). Internal wave turbulence at a biologically rich Mid-Atlantic seamount. PLoS One 12(12): e0189720.
  • 2016
    Cyr, F.; van Haren, H.; Mienis, F.; Duineveld, G.; Bourgault, D. (2016). On the influence of cold-water coral mound size on flow hydrodynamics, and vice versa. Geophys. Res. Lett. 43: 775-783.
    Mienis, F.; Duineveld, G.; shipboard scientific crew (2016). Cruise Report Cruise 64PE409, Texel‐Texel, 7‐12 May 2016, R.V. Pelagia. INSITE Measuring the ‘shadow’ of artificial structures in the North Sea and its effect on the surrounding soft bottom community (SHADOW). NIOZ: Texel. 28 pp.
    Prouty, N.G.; Campbell, P.L.; Mienis, F.; Duineveld, G.; Demopoulos, A.W.J.; Ross, S.W.; Brooke, S. (2016). Impact of Deepwater Horizon spill on food supply to deep-sea benthos communities. Est., Coast. and Shelf Sci. 169: 248-264.
  • 2015
    van Bleijswijk, J.D.L.; Whalen, C.; Duineveld, G.C.A.; Lavaleye, M.S.S.; Witte, H.J.; Mienis, F (2015). Microbial assemblages on a cold-water coral mound at the SE Rockall Bank (NE Atlantic): interactions with hydrography and topography. Biogeosciences 12(14): 4493-4496.
  • 2014
    Eisele, M.; Frank, N.; Wienberg, C.; Titschack, J.; Mienis, F; Beuck, L.; Tisnerat-Laborde, N.; Hebbeln, D. (2014). Sedimentation patterns on a cold-water coral mound off Mauritania. Deep-Sea Res., Part II, Top. Stud. Oceanogr. 99: 307-315.
    Mienis, F. (2014). Oases in de diepzee. Cah. Bio.- Wet. Maatsch. kwartaal 2: 54-55
    Mienis, F.; Duineveld, G.C.A.; Davis, A.J.; Lavaleye, M.M.S.; Rosso, S.W.; Seim, H.; Bane, J.; van Haren, H.; Bergman, M.J.N.; de Haas, H.; Brooke, S.; van Weering, T.C.E. (2014). Cold-water coral growth under extreme environmental conditions, the Cape Lookout area, NW Atlantic. Biogeosciences 11: 2543-2560.
    Mienis, F; Duineveld, G.C.A.; Lavaleye, M.S.S.; van Weering, T.C.E. (2014). Proceedings ISDSC5. Deep-Sea Res., Part II, Top. Stud. Oceanogr. 99: 1-5.
    Mohn, C.; Rengstorf, A.; White, M.; Mienis, F.; Soetaert, K.; Grehan, A.; Duineveld, G. (2014). Linking benthic hydrodynamics and cold-water coral occurrences: A high-resolution model study at three cold-water coral provinces in the NE Atlantic. Prog. Oceanogr. 122: 92-104.
    Prouty, N.G.; Roark, E.B.; Koenig, A.E.; Demopoulos, A.W.J.; Batista, F.C.; Kocar, B.D.; Selby, D.; McCarthy, M.D.; Mienis, F. (2014). Deep-sea coral record of human impact on watershed quality in the Mississippi River Basin. Global Biogeochem. Cycles 28(1): 29-43.
    Smeulders, G.G.B.; Koho, K.A.; de Stigter, H.C.; Mienis, F.; de Haas, H.; van Weering, T.C.E. (2014). Cold-water coral habitats of Rockall and Porcupine Bank, NE Atlantic Ocean: Sedimentary facies and benthic foraminiferal assemblages. Deep-Sea Res., Part 2, Top. Stud. Oceanogr. 99: 270-285.
    van der Land, C.; Eisele, M.; Mienis, F; de Haas, H.; Hebbeln, D.; Reijmer, J.J.G.; van Weering, T.C.E. (2014). Carbonate mound development in contrasting settings on the Irish margin. Deep-Sea Res., Part 2, Top. Stud. Oceanogr. 99: 297-306.
    van Haren, H.; Mienis, F; Duineveld, G.C.A.; Lavaleye, M.S.S. (2014). High-resolution temperature observations of a trapped nonlinear diurnal tide influencing cold-water corals on the Logachev mounds. Prog. Oceanogr. 125: 16-25.
  • 2012
    Mienis, F.; De Stigter, H.C.; de Haas, H.; van der Land, C.; van Weering, T.C.E. (2012). Hydrodynamic conditions in a cold-water coral mound area on the Renard Ridge, southern Gulf of Cadiz. J. Mar. Syst. 96-97: 61-71.
  • 2011
    van der Land, C.; Mienis, F.; de Haas, H.; de Stigter, H.C.; Swennen, R.; Reijmer, J.J.G.; van Weering, T.C.E. (2011). Paleo-redox fronts and their formation in carbonate mound sediments from the Rockall Trough. Mar. Geol. 284(1-4): 86-95.
    Van Rooij, D.; Blamart, D.; De Mol, L.; Mienis, F.; Pirlet, H.; Wehrmann, L. M.; Barbieri, R.; Maignien, L.; Templer, S. P.; de Haas, H.; Hebbeln, D.; Frank, N.; Larmagnat, S.; Stadnitskaia, A.; Stivaletta, N.; van Weering, T.; Zhang, Y.; Hamoumi, N.; Cnudde, V.; Duyck, P.; Henriet, J.-P.; The MiCROSYSTEMS MD 169 Shipboard Party (2011). Cold-water coral mounds on the Pen Duick Escarpment, Gulf of Cadiz: The MiCROSYSTEMS project approach. Mar. Geol. 282(1-2): 102-117.

Linked projects

NoSE_North Sea-Atlantic Exchange project
Matthew Humphreys
Netherlands Organization for Scientific Research
Project duration
1 Oct 2022 - 31 Dec 2027
BYPASS_The unknown role of Submarine canyons? Pathways or sinks for Organic Carbon?
Furu Mienis
Netherlands Organization for Scientific Research - Veni/Vidi/Vici
Project duration
1 Sep 2016 - 31 Aug 2021