Royal Netherlands Institute for Sea Research
Phone number
+31 (0)222 36 9476
Research Leader
  • Coastal ecosystems dominated by foundation species
  • Feedbacks between organisms and their environment (ecosystem engineering)
  • Ecological interactions between foundation species and the associated community
  • Ecosystem conservation and restoration
  • cological modelling, biogeochemistry

Prof. Dr. Ir. Tjisse van der Heide

Research Leader

‘Soft-sediment coasts with long ecological gradients have a lot to offer both nature and people’

Tjisse van der Heide, professor of Coastal Ecology, studies ecological interactions along the entire elevational gradient of soft-sediment coasts: from coastal dunes, salt marshes and intertidal mudflat all the way down into the subtidal which never emerges during low tide. ‘These shallow coastal areas are important, because they protect our coasts, serve as drinking water sources, and support many different plant and animal species. In contrast to rocky shores, that are characterized by steep gradients from high to low, healthy soft-sediment coasts typically have long elevational gradients supporting a diverse mosaic of coastal habitats. However, as a consequence of coastal development on one side and sea level rise on the other, humans have restricted these long gradients into a progressively narrowing coastal strip – a process called the ‘coastal squeeze’. This is resulting in great loss of coastal habitat and the functions and services they provide’

Ecosystem engineers

Within these coastal zones, my work primarily focuses on how habitat-modifying species, often called ‘ecosystem engineers’ or ‘foundation species’, shape coastal landscapes. In coastal dunes, for instance, I aim to understand how clonally growing grasses accumulate sand to build dunes, allowing them to escape stress from flooding by seawater. On intertidal flat and in the subtidal, I study seagrasses and mussels that form large beds that attenuate waves and accumulate sediment particles, thereby building a landscape that not only benefits the engineering species, but also a biodiverse associated community.

Conserving and restoring ecosystem services

Ecosystem engineers are not only important from an ecological perspective, given that humans are definitely amongst the many species that profit from the landscapes they build. Coastal ecosystem engineers provide important ‘ecosystem services’. Their landscapes, for instance, offer protection against flooding during storms, decreasing the impact on man-made defences such as dikes, while simultaneously serving as carbon sinks, and as foraging and nursery areas for commercially important species. Because of their great ecological and societal relevance, we are therefore not only trying to elucidate how they function, but also figure out how we can restore lost or degraded ecosystems. To achieve this, we are developing biodegradable establishment structures that temporarily mimic the landscape modifying traits of ecosystem engineers, allowing the actual species to establish and take over as the structures naturally degrade’.

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Research interests

I will be joining COS at NIOZ combined with a position at the University of Groningen starting from the 1st of January 2018. My work focuses primarily on (1) causes and consequences of coastal ecosystem degradation, and (2) development of novel applications to preserve and/or restore coastal ecosystems.

Central in the first research line is the ecosystem-level importance and functioning of habitat modifying species – also called 'ecosystem engineers' or 'foundation species'. These organisms often facilitate themselves and the associated community by improving their environment through density- and patch size-dependent feedbacks. Clear examples are reef-building bivalves, seagrasses, salt marsh plants, and dune-building plants that attenuate currents and waves, increase water clarity, and modify sediment conditions.

My second line builds on the first with the aim of extending fundamental findings to develop applications for preserving or restoring coastal ecosystems. Examples are recent work on the inclusion of both intra- (within species) and interspecific (between species) facilitation restoration into designs, and the development of temporary biodegradable structures that bridge establishment thresholds for habitat-modifying species.







Please find my complete list of NIOZ-publications at the bottom of this webpage or on ResearcherID. You can download all my publications on ResearchGate.


Professional education



Awards, prizes and funded

2018: NWO Vidi-Award 'Building coastal landscapes with spatially organizing plants'





Linked news

Wednesday 08 May 2024
Joint grant from the Netherlands and Germany for 3 NIOZ studies on Wadden Sea
The Netherlands and Germany are jointly investing €15 million in research projects aimed at effective protection and management of the Wadden Sea. NIOZ researchers are involved in 3 of the 5 awarded projects, in which they will work, among other…
Friday 22 March 2024
Sound couch makes low dunes, marram grass builds height
Plants are not interchangeable when it comes to forming young dunes on a beach. This is shown in the thesis of coastal ecologist Carlijn Lammers of NIOZ. Lammers discovered that sand couch can sometimes get in the way of marram grass. "Until now, the…
Wednesday 28 February 2024
Prestigious Vici grant for research in coastal restoration
Professor of coastal ecology and NIOZ scientist Tjisse van der Heide receives a prestigious VICI grant for his research on coastal ecosystem restoration. NWO announced that Van der Heide will receive a grant of one and a half million euros, for which…
Thursday 11 January 2024
Beaches and dunes globally squeezed by roads and buildings
Beaches and dunes are becoming increasingly trapped between rising sea levels and infrastructure. Dutch researchers found that nowadays, when dropped on a random beach around the world, you only need to walk 390 meters on average to find the nearest…
Friday 29 September 2023
3D-printed, biodegradable reef mimics nature
With 3D-printed 'lampshades' made of biologically degradable material, NIOZ PhD-candidate Daniel Varley and colleagues have found a successful formula to give oysters, mussels and other reef builders 'a kick start'. Numerous animals managed to settle…
Thursday 24 August 2023
Pear trees teeming with fish and other sea life
Artificial reefs in the Wadden Sea, made from discarded pear trees are teeming with marine life after more than a year underwater. That's shown in experiments by Jon Dickson, PhD candidate at NIOZ. "After four months, we already saw lots of fish and…
Monday 06 March 2023
Young grass follows different growth strategies on salt marshes and in dunes
Shoots of a young grass plant in the salt marsh grow clustered regardless of environmental factors. Whereas in the dunes, young grasses organize their shoots differently depending on the species and their habitat. With their diverse growth…
Monday 20 February 2023
16 Million to keep the Dutch delta liveable – even as it changes
Deltas and coastal plains are attractive places to live: fertile, flat, open to the sea. These lowlands are, however, also vulnerable to climate-change and sea-level rise. To better predict how deltas develop in the future we need a thorough…
Thursday 26 January 2023
Dossier: Dijkdoorbraken en natuurlijke kustverdediging
Op 1 februari 2023 herdenkt Nederland de Watersnoodramp van 70 jaar geleden. Hoewel ons laaggelegen land sindsdien goed beschermd is geweest, stellen de gevolgen van klimaatverandering, zoals zeespiegelstijging en weersextremen Nederland voor nieuwe…
Friday 20 January 2023
Patchwork pattern makes ecosystems as strong as steel
What makes ecosystems resilient to climate change? A solid spatial structure. Researchers discovered a type of pattern forming in ecosystems that closely resembles the patchwork pattern that forms at very small scales in alloys such as steel. Such…

Linked blogs

Monday 15 May 2023
Marine biodiversity in the Ems Dollart area
As part of the project Wadden Mosaic, the habitats and biodiversity of the subtidal Wadden are mapped for the first time - the part of the Dutch Wadden Sea that is permanently submerged. The Wadden Sea is a nature area of international and national…
Wednesday 21 July 2021
Fieldwork Schiermonnikoog - mapping oyster and mussel reefs
In my line of work it is not common to get asked to accompany a fieldwork expedition. This is surprising, as a lot of the people working at NIOZ can be found in the field (or more usually, on the water) at some point in time. For a…
Thursday 17 December 2020
NIOZ Podcast Van Delta tot Diepzee aflevering 6 Schelpdieren en planten als ingenieurs
Kustecoloog professor Tjisse van der Heide onderzoekt het grensgebied tussen land en zee: van de duinen via de kwelders en de zandplaten tot op de bodem van de geulen. Hij doet onderzoek naar ecosytem-engineers. Dat wil zeggen, naar beesten en…
Thursday 03 September 2020
ReViFES fieldwork 2020 | Investigating North Sea reefs services
Biogenic reefs are hard structures built by living organisms which form complex ecosystems and are accountable for several important ecological functions. In the North Sea, the most common bio-constructors include bivalves, such as oysters and…

NIOZ publications

  • 2023
    Bakker, J.P.; Berg, M.P.; Grootjans, A.P.; Olff, H.; Schrama, M.; Reijers, V.C.; van der Heide, T (2023). Biogeomorphological aspects of a model barrier island and its surroundings - Interactions between abiotic conditions and biota shaping the tidal and terrestrial landscape: A synthesis. Ocean Coast. Manag. 239: 106624.
    Cronau, R.J.T.; Telgenkamp, Y.; de Fouw, J; van Katwijk, M.M.; Bouma, T.; Heusinkveld, J.H.T.; Hoeijmakers, D.; van der Heide, T.; Lamers, L.P.M. (2023). Seagrass is protected from ragworm pressure by a newly discovered grazer–ragworm interaction; implications for restoration. J. Appl. Ecol. 60(6): 978-989.
    de Fouw, J; Holmer, M.; Beca-Carretero, P.; Boström, C.; Brice, J.; Brun, F.G.; Cruijsen, P.M.J.M.; Govers, L.L.; Garmendia, J.M.; Meysick, L.; Pajusalu, L.; Richir, J.; Robroek, B.J.M.; Valle, M.; van der Ven, P.; Eklöf, J.S.; van der Heide, T. (2023). A facultative mutualism facilitates European seagrass meadows. Ecography 2023(5): e06636.
    Eijsackers, H.J.P.; Eriksson, B.D.H.K.; van der Heide, T.; Herman, P.M.J.; van der Meer, J.; Polet, H.; Tulp, I. (2023). Beoordeling van ecologische effecten van garnalenvisserij op bodem en biota : Mate van wetenschappelijke onderbouwing. Rapport nummer:C056/23. Wageningen Marine Research & Waddenacademie: IJmuiden. ISBN 978-94-90289-70-6. 53 pp.
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    Fivash, G.S.; Temmerman, S.; Kleinhans, M.G.; Heuner, M.; van der Heide, T.; Bouma, T.J. (2023). Early indicators of tidal ecosystem shifts in estuaries. Nature Comm. 14(1): 1911.
    Gräfnings, M.L.E.; Govers, L.L.; Heusinkveld, J.H.T.; Silliman, B.R.; Smeele, Q.; Valdez, S.R.; van der Heide, T. (2023). Macrozoobenthos as an indicator of habitat suitability for intertidal seagrass. Ecol. Indic. 147: 109948.
    Gräfnings, M.L.E.; Heusinkveld, J.H.T.; Hijner, N.; Hoeijmakers, D.J.J.; Smeele, Q.; Zwarts, M.; van der Heide, T.; Govers, L.L. (2023). Spatial design improves efficiency and scalability of seed‐based seagrass restoration. J. Appl. Ecol. 60(6): 967-977.
    Lammers, C.; van de Ven, C.N.; van der Heide, T.; Reijers, V.C (2023). Are ecosystem engineering traits fixed or flexible: A study on clonal expansion strategies in co-occurring dune grasses. Ecosystems 26: 1195-1208.
    Meijer, K.J.; Gusmao, J.B.; Bruil, L.; Franken, O.; Grimm, I.A.; van der Heide, T.; Hijner, N.; Holthuijsen, S.; Hübner, L.; Thieltges, D.W.; Olff, H.; Eriksson, B.K.; Govers, L.L. (2023). The seafloor from a trait perspective. A comprehensive life history dataset of soft sediment macrozoobenthos. Scientific Data 10(1).
    Nauta, J.; Christianen, M.J.A.; Temmink, R.J.M.; Fivash, G.S.; Marín Díaz, B.; Reijers, V.C.; Didderen, K.; Penning, E.; Borst, A.C.W.; Heusinkveld, J.H.T.; Zwarts, M.; Cruijsen, P.M.J.M.; Hijner, N.; Lengkeek, W.; Lamers, L.P.M.; van der Heide, T.; Bouma, T.J.; van der Wal, D.; Olff, H.; Govers, L.L. (2023). Biodegradable artificial reefs enhance food web complexity and biodiversity in an intertidal soft‐sediment ecosystem. J. Appl. Ecol. 60(3): 541-552.
    Poiesz, S.S.H.; Witte, J.IJ.; van der Meer, M.T.J.; de Jager, C.; Soetaert, K.; van der Heide, T.; van der Veer, H.W. (2023). Stomach content and stable isotopes illustrate large spatial similarity in the Wadden Sea fish food-web structure. Mar. Ecol. Prog. Ser. 707: 57-76.
    Silliman, B.R.; Angelini, C.; Krause, G.; Saunders, M.I.; Smith, C.S.; Valdez, S.R.; McLean, J.E.T.; Paxton, A.B.; van der Heide, T.; Abelson, A. (2023). Editorial: Marine ecosystem restoration (MER) – a call for a more inclusive paradigm. Front. Mar. Sci. 10: 1250022.
    Siteur, K.; Liu, Q-X; Rottschäfer, V.; van der Heide, T.; Rietkerk, M.; Doelman, A.; Boström, C.; van de Koppel, J. (2023). Phase-separation physics underlies new theory for the resilience of patchy ecosystems. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 120(2): e2202683120.
    Temmink, R.J.M.; Angelini, C.; Verkuijl, M.; van der Heide, T. (2023). Restoration ecology meets design-engineering: Mimicking emergent traits to restore feedback-driven ecosystems. Sci. Total Environ. 902: 166460.
    van de Ven, C.N.; Reijers, V.C.; Lammers, C.; van Belzen, J.; Chung, Y.; Bouma, T.J.; van der Heide, T. (2023). Establishing cordgrass plants cluster their shoots to avoid ecosystem engineering. Funct. Ecol. 37(5): 1339-1349.
  • 2022
    Cronau, R.J.T.; de Fouw, J; van Katwijk, M.M.; Bouma, T.J.; Heusinkveld, J.H.T.; Hoeijmakers, D.; Lamers, L.P.M.; van der Heide, T. (2023). Seed‐ versus transplant‐based eelgrass (Zostera marinaL.) restoration success in a temperate marine lake. Restor. Ecol. 31(1): e13786.
    de Fouw, J.; Rehlmeyer, K.; van der Geest, M.; Smolders, A.J.P.; van der Heide, T. (2022). Increased temperature reduces the positive effect of sulfide-detoxification mutualism on Zostera noltii nutrient uptake and growth. Mar. Ecol. Prog. Ser. 692: 43-52.
    Fivash, G.S.; van Belzen, J.; Temmink, R.J.M.; Didderen, K.; Lengkeek, W.; van der Heide, T.; Bouma, T.J. (2022). Increasing spatial dispersion in ecosystem restoration mitigates risk in disturbance‐driven environments. J. Appl. Ecol. 59(4): 1050-1059.
    Govers, L.L.; Heusinkveld, J.H.T.; Gräfnings, M.L.E.; Smeele, Q.; van der Heide, T. (2022). Adaptive intertidal seed-based seagrass restoration in the Dutch Wadden Sea. PLoS One 17(2): e0262845.
    Gräfnings, M.L.E.; Heusinkveld, J.H.T.; Hoeijmakers, D.J.J.; Smeele, Q.; Wiersema, H.; Zwarts, M.; van der Heide, T.; Govers, L.L. (2023). Optimizing seed injection as a seagrass restoration method. Restor. Ecol. 31(3): e13851.
    Infantes, E.; Hoeks, S.; Adams, M.P.; van der Heide, T.; van Katwijk, M.M.; Bouma, T.J. (2022). Seagrass roots strongly reduce cliff erosion rates in sandy sediments. Mar. Ecol. Prog. Ser. 700: 1-12.
    MacDonnell, C.; Tiling, K.; Encomio, V.; van der Heide, T.; Teunis, M.; Wouters, L.; Didderen, K.; Bouma, T.J.; Inglett, P.W. (2022). Evaluating a novel biodegradable lattice structure for subtropical seagrass restoration. Aquat. Bot. 176: 103463.
    Meijer, K.J.; Franken, O.; van der Heide, T.; Holthuijsen, S.; Visser, W.; Govers, L.L.; Olff, H. (2023). Characterizing bedforms in shallow seas as an integrative predictor of seafloor stability and the occurrence of macrozoobenthic species. Remote Sensing in Ecology and Conservation 9(3): 323-339.
    Riekenberg, P.M.; van der Heide, T.; Holthuijsen, S.; van der Veer, H.W.; van der Meer, M.T.J. (2022). Compound-specific stable isotope analysis of amino acid nitrogen reveals detrital support of microphytobenthos in the Dutch Wadden Sea benthic food web. Front. Ecol. Evol. 10: 951047.
    Temmink, R.J.M.; Fivash, G.S.; Govers, L.L.; Nauta, J.; Marín Díaz, B.; Cruijsen, P.M.J.M.; Didderen, K.; Penning, E.; Olff, H.; Heusinkveld, J.H.T.; Lamers, L.P.M.; Lengkeek, W.; Christianen, M.J.A.; Reijers, V.C.; Bouma, T.J.; van der Heide, T. (2022). Initiating and upscaling mussel reef establishment with life cycle informed restoration: Successes and future challenges. Ecol. Eng. 175: 106496.
    Temmink, R.J.M.; Lamers, L.P.M.; Angelini, C.; Bouma, T.J.; Fritz, C.; Van de Koppel, J.; Lexmond, R.; Rietkerk, M.; Silliman, B.R.; Joosten, H.; van der Heide, T. (2022). Recovering wetland biogeomorphic feedbacks to restore the world’s biotic carbon hotspots. Science (Wash.) 376(6593): eabn1479.
  • 2021
    Chin, D.W.; de Fouw, J; van der Heide, T.; Cahill, B.V.; Katcher, K.; Paul, V.J.; Campbell, J.E.; Peterson, B.J. (2021). Facilitation of a tropical seagrass by a chemosymbiotic bivalve increases with environmental stress. J. Ecol. 109(1): 204-217.
    Fivash, G.S.; Stüben, D.; Bachmann, M.; Walles, B.; van Belzen, J.; Didderen, K.; Temmink, R.J.M.; Lengkeek, W.; van der Heide, T.; Bouma, T.J. (2021). Can we enhance ecosystem-based coastal defense by connecting oysters to marsh edges? Analyzing the limits of oyster reef establishment. Ecol. Eng. 165: 106221.
    Fivash, G.S.; Temmink, R.J.M.; D’Angelo, M.; van Dalen, J.; Lengkeek, W.; Didderen, K.; Ballio, F.; van der Heide, T.; Bouma, T.J. (2021). Restoration of biogeomorphic systems by creating windows of opportunity to support natural establishment processes. Ecol. Appl. 31(5): e02333.
    Gagnon, K.; Christie, H.C.; Didderen, K.; Fagerli, C.W.; Govers, L.L.; Gräfnings, M.L.E.; Heusinkveld, J.H.T.; Kaljurand, K.; Lengkeek, W.; Martin, G.; Meysick, L.; Pajusalu, L.; Rinde, E.; van der Heide, T.; Boström, C. (2021). Incorporating facilitative interactions into small‐scale eelgrass restoration—challenges and opportunities. Restor. Ecol. 29(5): e13398.
    Gilby, B.L.; Olds, A.D.; Chapman, S.; Goodridge Gaines, L.A.; Henderson, C.J.; Ortodossi, N.L.; Didderen, K.; Lengkeek, W.; van der Heide, T.; Schlacher, T.A. (2021). Attraction versus production in restoration: spatial and habitat effects of shellfish reefs for fish in coastal seascapes. Restor. Ecol. 29(7): e13413.
    Marín Díaz, B.; Fivash, G.S.; Nauta, J.; Temmink, R.J.M.; Hijner, N.; Reijers, V.C; Cruijsen, P.M.J.M.; Didderen, K.; Heusinkveld, J.H.T.; Penning, E.; Maldonado-Garcia, G.; van Belzen, J.; de Smit, J.C.; Christianen, M.J.A.; van der Heide, T.; van der Wal, D.; Olff, H.; Bouma, T.J.; Govers, L.L. (2021). On the use of large-scale biodegradable artificial reefs for intertidal foreshore stabilization. Ecol. Eng. 170: 106354.
    Reijers, V.C; Hoeks, S.; van Belzen, J.; Siteur, K.; de Rond, A.J.A.; van de Ven, C.N.; Lammers, C.; van de Koppel, J.; van der Heide, T. (2021). Sediment availability provokes a shift from Brownian to Lévy‐like clonal expansion in a dune building grass. Ecol. Lett. 24(2): 258-268.
    Temmink, R.J.M.; Angelini, C.; Fivash, G.S.; Swart, L.; Nouta, R.; Teunis, M.; Lengkeek, W.; Didderen, K.; Lamers, L.P.M.; Bouma, T.J.; van der Heide, T. (2021). Life cycle informed restoration: Engineering settlement substrate material characteristics and structural complexity for reef formation. J. Appl. Ecol. 58(10): 2158-2170.
    Temmink, R.J.M.; Cruijsen, P.M.J.M.; Smolders, A.J.P.; Bouma, T.J.; Fivash, G.S.; Lengkeek, W.; Didderen, K.; Lamers, L.P.M.; van der Heide, T. (2021). Overcoming establishment thresholds for peat mosses in human‐made bog pools. Ecol. Appl. 31(6): e02359.
    Temmink, R.J.M.; Dorenbosch, M.; Lamers, L.P.M.; Smolders, A.J.P.; Rip, W.; Lengkeek, W.; Didderen, K.; Fivash, G.S.; Bouma, T.J.; van der Heide, T. (2021). Growth forms and life-history strategies predict the occurrence of aquatic macrophytes in relation to environmental factors in a shallow peat lake complex. Hydrobiologia 848(17): 3987-3999.
    van der Heide, T.; Angelini, C.; de Fouw, J.; Eklöf, J.S. (2021). Facultative mutualisms: a double‐edged sword for foundation species in the face of anthropogenic global change. Ecol. Evol. 11(1): 29-44.
    van der Heide, T.; Temmink, R.J.M.; Fivash, G.S.; Bouma, T.J.; Boström, C.; Didderen, K.; Esteban, N.; Gaeckle, J.; Gagnon, K.; Infantes, E.; van de Koppel, J.; Lengkeek, W.; Unsworth, R.; Christianen, M.J.A. (2021). Coastal restoration success via emergent trait-mimicry is context dependent. Biol. Conserv. 264: 109373.
    van der Molen, J.; van Leeuwen, S.M.; Govers, L.L.; van der Heide, T.; Olff, H. (2021). Potential micro-plastics dispersal and accumulation in the North Sea, with application to the MSC Zoe incident. Front. Mar. Sci. 8: 607203.
    Yan, J.; Zhu, Z.; Zhou, J.; Chu, X.; Sui, H.; Cui, B.; van der Heide, T. (2021). Saltmarsh resilience controlled by patch size and plant density of habitat-forming species that trap shells. Sci. Total Environ. 778: 146119.
    Zhang, Y.S.; Gittman, R.K.; Donaher, S.E.; Trackenberg, S.N.; van der Heide, T; Silliman, B.R. (2021). Inclusion of intra- and interspecific facilitation expands the theoretical framework for seagrass restoration. Front. Mar. Sci. 8: 645673.
  • 2020
    de Fouw, J.; van der Zee, E.M.; van Gils, J.A.; Eriksson, B.K.; Weerman, E.; Donadi, S.; van der Veer, H.W.; Olff, H.; Piersma, T.; van der Heide, T. (2020). The interactive role of predation, competition and habitat conditions in structuring an intertidal bivalve population. J. Exp. Mar. Biol. Ecol. 523: 151267.
    Fivash, G.S.; van Belzen, J.; Temmink, R.J.M.; Didderen, K.; Lengkeek, W.; van der Heide, T.; Bouma, T.J. (2020). Elevated micro-topography boosts growth rates in Salicornia procumbens by amplifying a tidally-driven oxygen pump: implications for natural recruitment and restoration. Ann. Bot. 125(2): 277-290.
    Gagnon, K.; Rinde, E.; Bengil, E.G.T.; Carugati, L.; Christianen, M.J.A.; Danovaro, R.; Gambi, C.; Govers, L.L.; Kipson, S.; Meysick, L.; Pajusalu, L.; Tüney Kizilkaya, I.; van de Koppel, J.; van der Heide, T.; van Katwijk, M.M.; Boström, C. (2020). Facilitating foundation species: The potential for plant–bivalve interactions to improve habitat restoration success. J. Appl. Ecol. 57(6): 1161-1179.
    James, R.K.; van Katwijk, M.M.; van Tussenbroek, B.I.; van der Heide, T.; Dijkstra, H.A.; van Westen, R.M.; Pietrzak, J.D.; Candy, A.S.; Klees, R.; Riva, R.E.M.; Slobbe, C.D.; Katsman, C.A.; Herman, P.M.J.; Bouma, T.J. (2020). Water motion and vegetation control the pH dynamics in seagrass‐dominated bays. Limnol. Oceanogr. 65(2): 349-362.
    Reijers, V.C; Lammers, C.; de Rond, A.J.A.; Hoetjes, S.C.S.; Lamers, L.P.M.; van der Heide, T. (2020). Resilience of beach grasses along a biogeomorphic successive gradient: resource availability vs. clonal integration. Oecologia 192: 201–212.
    Temmink, R. J. M.; Christianen, M. J. A.; Fivash, G. S.; Angelini, C.; Boström, C.; Didderen, K.; Engel, S. M.; Esteban, N.; Gaeckle, J. L.; Gagnon, K.; Govers, L. L.; Infantes, E.; van Katwijk, M. M.; Kipson, S.; Lamers, L. P. M.; Lengkeek, W.; Silliman, B. R.; van Tussenbroek, B. I.; Unsworth, R. K. F.; Yaakub, S. M.; Bouma, T. J.; van der Heide, T. (2020). Mimicry of emergent traits amplifies coastal restoration success. Nature Comm. 11(1): 3668.
    Valdez, S.R.; Zhang, Y.S.; van der Heide, T.; Vanderklift, M.A.; Tarquinio, F.; Orth, R.J.; Silliman, B.R. (2020). Positive ecological interactions and the success of seagrass restoration. Front. Mar. Sci. 7: article 9.
    van Bergen, T.J.H.M.; Temmink, R.J.M.; van Tweel-Groot, L.; Bakker, W.J.; Rehlmeyer, K.; Koks, A.H.W.; Waajen, A.C.; Roelofs, J.G.M.; Grootjans, A.P.; van der Heide, T.; Lamers, L.P.M. (2020). Self‐facilitation and negative species interactions could drive microscale vegetation mosaic in a floating fen. J. Veg. Sci. 31(2): 343-354.
    van der Geest, M.; van der Heide, T.; Holmer, M.; De Wit, R. (2020). First field-based evidence that the seagrass-lucinid mutualism can mitigate sulfide stress in seagrasses. Front. Mar. Sci. 7: 11.
    Yan, J.; van der Heide, T.; Cui, B.; Bai, J.; Ysebaert, T.; van de Koppel, J. (2020). A healthy trophic structure underlies the resistance of pristine seagrass beds to nutrient enrichment. Limnol. Oceanogr. 65(11): 2748-2756.
  • 2019
    Borst, A.C.W.; Angelini, C.; Berge; Lamers, L.P.M.; Derksen-Hooijberg, M.; van der Heide, T. (2019). Food or furniture: Separating trophic and non‐trophic effects of Spanish moss to explain its high invertebrate diversity. Ecosphere 10(9): e02846.
    Chalifour, B.; Hoogveld, J.R.H.; Derksen-Hooijberg, M.; Harris, K.L.; Urueña, J.M.; Sawyer, W.G.; van der Heide, T; Angelini, C. (2019). Drought alters the spatial distribution, grazing patterns, and radula morphology of a fungal-farming salt marsh snail. Mar. Ecol. Prog. Ser. 620: 1-13.
    Derksen-Hooijberg, M.; Angelini, C.; Hoogveld, J.R.H.; Lamers, L.P.M.; Borst, A.; Smolders; Harpenslager; Govers, L.L.; van der Heide, T. (2019). Repetitive desiccation events weaken a salt marsh mutualism. J. Ecol. 107(5): 2415-2426.
    Derksen-Hooijberg, M.; van der Heide, T.; Lamers, L.P.M.; Borst, A.; Smolders, A.J.P.; Govers, L.; Hoogveld, J.R.H.; Angelini, C. (2019). Burrowing Crabs Weaken Mutualism Between Foundation Species. Ecosystems 22(4): 767–780.
    James, R.K.; Silva, R.; van Tussenbroek, B.I.; Escudero-Castillo, M.; Mariño-Tapia, I.; Dijkstra, H.A.; van Westen, R.M.; Pietrzak, J.D.; Candy, A.S.; Katsman, C.A.; van der Boog, C.G.; Riva, R.E.M.; Slobbe, C.; Klees, R.; Stapel, J.; van der Heide, T.; van Katwijk, M.M.; Herman, P.M.J.; Bouma, T.J. (2019). Maintaining tropical beaches with seagrass and algae: a promising alternative to engineering solutions. BioScience 69(2): 136-142.
    Reijers, V.C.; Cruijsen; Hoetjes; Akker; Heusinkveld, J.H.T.; van de Koppel, J.; Lamers, L.P.M.; Olff, H.; van der Heide, T. (2019). Loss of spatial structure after temporary herbivore absence in a high‐productivity reed marsh. J. Appl. Ecol. 56(7): 1817-1826.
    Reijers, V.C.; Siteur, K.; Hoeks, S.; van Belzen, J.; Borst, A.C.W.; Heusinkveld, J.H.T.; Govers, L.; Bouma, T.J.; Lamers, L.P.M.; van de Koppel, J.; van der Heide, T. (2019). A Lévy expansion strategy optimizes early dune building by beach grasses. Nature Comm. 10: 2656.
    Reijers, V.C.; van den Akker, M.; Cruijsen, P.M.J.M.; Lamers, L.P.M.; van der Heide, T. (2019). Intraspecific facilitation explains the persistence of Phragmites australis in modified coastal wetlands . Ecosphere 10(8): e02842.
  • 2018
    Bom, R.A.; Philippart, C.J.M.; van der Heide, T.; de Fouw, J; Camphuysen, C.J.; Dethmer, K.; Folmer, E.O.; Stocchi, P.; Stuut, J.-B.; van der Veer, H.W.; Al Zakwani, I. (2018). Barr Al Hikman: a pristine coastal ecosystem in the Sultanate of Oman: Current state of knowledge and future research challenges. NIOZ-rapport, 2018(1). NIOZ Royal Institute for Sea Research: Texel. 61 pp.
    Borst, A.C.W.; Verberk, W.C.E.P.; Angelini, C.; Schotanus, J.; Wolters, J.-W.; Christianen, M.J.A.; van der Zee, E.M.; Derksen-Hooijberg, M.; van der Heide, T. (2018). Foundation species enhance food web complexity through non-trophic facilitation. PLoS One 13(8): e0199152.
    de Fouw, J; van der Heide, T.; van Belzen, J.; Govers, L.; Cheikh, M.A.S.; Olff, H.; van de Koppel, J.; van Gils, J.A. (2018). A facultative mutualistic feedback enhances the stability of tropical intertidal seagrass beds. NPG Scientific Reports 8(1): 10.

Linked projects

Project duration
1 Dec 2018 - 31 Dec 2023
Small steps, giant leaps
Netherlands Organization for Scientific Research - Veni/Vidi/Vici
Project duration
1 Jul 2018 - 30 Jun 2023
UUNIOZ_Builders on the beach
Utrecht University
Project duration
1 Jan 2021 - 31 Dec 2025