Nicole Bale

Postdoc

Research interests

Novel biomarkers for symbiotic N2 fixing cyanobacteria in marine diatoms.

This research project focuses on tracing marine symbiotic heterocystous cyanobacteria in present and past marine environments. It is important to gain more knowledge about these cyanobacteria because they are sustaining marine primary production in the oligotrophic ocean. The development of a new glycolipid biomarker will allow the investigation of cyanobacteria – diatom symbioses in the natural environment and assess the importance for present day fixation of dinitrogen in the ocean. In addition, the application of this new tracer to analyze the sediment record has the unique potential to improve our knowledge of the paleo-N-cycle. Elucidating the contribution of dinitrogen-fixing cyanobacteria in the past when the atmospheric CO2 levels were high will give clues to predict changes in the nitrogen cycle during the expected high CO2 future.

You can read about the HCC research cruise as part of this project here.

  
 

Previous postdoctoral study: Detailed study of the nitrogen cycle in the North Sea and Wadden Sea

This research formed part of a multi-disciplinary project entitled “The nitrogen cycle and changes in the carrying capacity of coastal waters (NICYCLE)”. This project, funded as part of the Dutch National Program for Sea and Coastal Research (ZKO), performed an extensive study of key nitrogen cycling microorganisms in the Netherlands’ coastal waters, the North and Wadden Seas. My strength is in analytical chemistry and my work within this project concentrated on the specific intact polar lipids (IPLs) associated with nitrogen cycling microorganisms in order to trace their activity and diversity, using organic geochemical techniques such as liquid chromatography- multistage mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS).

 

Publications:

2007 - 2011

The response of carotenoids and chlorophylls during virus infection of Emiliania huxleyi (Prymnesiophyceae). Llewellyn, C. A., Evans, C., Airs, R. L., Cook, I., Bale, N., Wilson, W. H. Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology. 344 (1): 101-112. 2007

Organic geochemical changes in Pliocene sediments of ODP Site 1083 (Benguela Upwelling System). Richard D. Pancost, Christopher S. Boot, Giovanni Aloisi, Mark Maslin, Claire Bickers,Virginia Ettwein, Nicole Bale, Luke Handley. Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology. 280 119–131. 2009

Atmospheric pressure chemical ionisation liquid chromatography/mass spectrometry of Type II chlorophyll-a alteration products: Diagnostic fragmentation patterns. Bale, N., Llewellyn, C. A., Airs, R. L. Organic Geochemistry 41, 473-481. 2010

Type I and Type II chlorophyll-a transformation products associated with algal senescence. Bale, N.J., Airs, R.L., Llewellyn, C.A. Organic Geochemistry. 42,  451–464. 2011

2013

The fate of chlorophyll-a during a viral infection of Emiliania huxleyi. Bale, N.J., Airs, R.L., KimmanceS.K., Llewellyn, C.A. Aquatic Microbial Ecology. 69, 205-210. 2013

Different seasonality of pelagic and benthic Thaumarchaeota in the North Sea. N. J. Bale, L. Villanueva, E. C. Hopmans, S. Schouten, and J. S. Sinninghe Damsté. Biogeosciences. 10, 7195-7206. 2013

2014

Diversity and distribution of a key sulpholipid biosynthetic gene in marine microbial assemblages. Laura Villanueva, Nicole Bale, Ellen C. Hopmans, Stefan Schouten and Jaap S. Sinninghe Damsté. Environmental Microbiology. 16, 774-787. 2014

Acquisition of intact polar lipids from the Prymnesiophyte Phaeocystis globosa by its lytic virus PgV-07T. D.S. Maat, N.J. Bale, E.C. Hopmans, A-C. Baudoux, J.S. Sinninghe Damsté, S. Schouten, and C.P.D. Brussaard. Biogeosciences. 11, 185-194. 2014

Occurrence and activity of anammox bacteria in oxygenated, sandy sediments of the southern North Sea. Nicole J. Bale, Laura Villanueva, Haoxin Fan, Lucas J. Stal, Ellen C. Hopmans, Stefan Schouten, Jaap S. Sinninghe Damsté. FEMS Microbiology Ecology. 89, 99 - 110. 2014

Critical assessments of glyco- and phospholipid separation using silica chromatography. Sandra M. Heinzelmann, Nicole J. Bale, Ellen C. Hopmans, Jaap S. Sinninghe Damsté, Stefan Schouten, Marcel T. J. van der Meer. Applied and Environmental Microbiology. 80: 360-365. 2014

Seasonality and depth distribution of the abundance and activity of ammonia oxidizing microorganisms in marine coastal sediments (North Sea). Yvonne A. Lipsewers, Nicole J. Bale, Ellen C. Hopmans, Stefan Schouten, Jaap S. Sinninghe Damsté and Laura Villanueva. Frontiers in Microbiology. 5, article 472. 2014

2015

Fatty acid dynamics during viral infection of Phaeocystis globosa. N. J. Bale, D. S. Maat, C. P. D. Brussaard, E. C. Hopmans, A. Mets, J. S. Sinninghe Damsté, S. Schouten. Aquatic Microbial Ecology. 74, 85–94. 2015

Long-chain glycolipids with pentose head groups as biomarkers for marine endosymbiotic heterocystous cyanobacteria. Nicole J. Bale, Ellen C. Hopmans, Claudia Zell, Rodrigo Sobrinho, Jung-Hyun Kim, Jaap S. Sinninghe Damsté, Tracy Villareal, Stefan Schouten. Organic Geochemistry. 81, 1-7. 2015

Chlorophyll-a transformations associated with sinking diatoms during termination of a North Atlantic spring bloom. Nicole J. Bale, Ruth L. Airs, Patrick Martin, Richard S. Lampitt, Carole A. Llewellyn. Marine Chemistry. 172, 23-33. 2015

2016

Impact of trophic state on the distribution of intact polar lipids in surface waters of lakes. Nicole J. Bale, Ellen C. Hopmans, Petra L. Schoon, Anna de Kluijver, John A. Downing, Jack J. Middelburg, Jaap S. Sinninghe Damsté and Stefan Schouten. Limnology and Oceanography61, 1065–1077, 2016

Increasing P limitation and viral infection impact lipid remodeling of the picophytoplankter Micromonas pusilla. D. S. Maat, N. J. Bale, E. C. Hopmans, J. S. Sinninghe Damsté, S. Schouten and C. P. D. Brussaard. Biogeosciences13, 1667-1676, 2016.

Seasonal changes in the D/H ratio of fatty acids of pelagic microorganisms in the coastal North Sea. S. Heinzelmann, N. Bale, L. Villanueva, D. Sinke-Schoen, K. Philippart, J. Sinninghe Damsté, S. Schouten, and M. van der Meer. Biogeosciences. 13, 5527–5539, 2016

 A method for quantifying heterocyst glycolipids in biomass and sediments.  Nicole Bale, Steven de Vries, Ellen C. Hopmans, Jaap S. Sinninghe Damsté, Stefan Schouten. Submitted to Organic Geochemistry. 2016

 

 

Previous employment and study

2005-2009     

PhD, Pigment derived biomarkers of phytoplankton fate processes. Plymouth Marine Laboratory & University of Bristol. Supervisors: Dr C. A. Llewellyn, Dr R. L. Airs and Prof. R. D. Pancost.

2001-2005                  

MSci (Hons) Chemistry with Study in Continental Europe. University of Bristol. Final year research project and dissertation: “The Identification of Maleimides in Marine Sediments from the Benguela and Peru Upwelling Zones”. Supervisor: Prof. R. D. Pancost

2002-2003            

Participation in European Erasmus programme, Université Montpellier II, France

Other websites

http://www.linkedin.com/profile/view?id=200231255&trk=nav_responsive_tab_profile

http://www.zeeinzicht.nl/nieuws2/?p=267

https://www.facebook.com/pages/Marine-Organic-Biogeochemistry/562010007261199?fref=ts

https://www.researchgate.net/profile/Nicole_Bale

Phone number
+31 (0)222 369 462
Location
Texel
Function
Postdoc

Linked publications

  • 2016
    Bale, N.J.; Hopmans, E.C.; Schoon, P.; de Kluijver, A.; Downing, J.A.; Middelburg, J.J.; Sinninghe Damsté, J.S.; Schouten, S. (2016). Impact of trophic state on the distribution of intact polar lipids in surface waters of lakes. Limnol. Oceanogr. 61(3): 1065–1077. dx.doi.org/10.1002/lno.10274
    Heinzelmann, S.M.; Bale, N.J.; Villanueva, L.; Sinke-Schoen, D.; Philippart, C.J.M.; Sinninghe Damsté, J.S.; Schouten, S.; Van der Meer, M.T.J. (2016). Seasonal changes in the D  /  H ratio of fatty acids of pelagic microorganisms in the coastal North Sea. Biogeosciences 13: 5527-5539. dx.doi.org/10.5194/bg-13-5527-2016
    Maat, D.; Bale, N.J.; Hopmans, E.C.; Sinninghe Damsté, J.S.; Schouten, S.; Brussaard, C.P.D. (2016). Increasing P limitation and viral infection impact lipid remodeling of the picophytoplankter Micromonas pusilla. Biogeosciences 13: 1667-1676. dx.doi.org/10.5194/bg-13-1667-2016
  • 2015
    Bale, N.; Hopmans, E.C.; Zell, C.; Sobrinho, R.; Kim, J.H.; Sinninghe Damsté, J.S.; Villareal, T.A.; Schouten, S. (2015). Long chain glycolipids with pentose head groups as biomarkers for marine endosymbiotic heterocystous cyanobacteria. Org. Geochem. 81: 1-7. dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.orggeochem.2015.01.004
    Bale, N.J.; Maat, D.S.; Hopmans, E.C.; Mets, A.; Sinninghe Damsté, J.S.; Brussaard, C.P.D.; Schouten, S. (2015). Fatty acid dynamics during viral infection of Phaeocystis globosa. Aquat. Microb. Ecol. 74: 85–94. dx.doi.org/10.3354/ame01730
  • 2014
    Bale, N.; Villanueva, L.; Fan, H.; Hopmans, E.C.; Schouten, S.; Sinninghe Damsté, J.S.; Stal, L.J. (2014). Occurrence and activity of anammox bacteria in surface sediments of the southern North Sea. FEMS Microbiol. Ecol. 89(1): 99–110. hdl.handle.net/10.1111/1574-6941.12338
    Bale, N.J. (2014). Cruise report HCC cruise: R/V Pelagia 64PE393, 26th August – 21st September 2014 . NIOZ: Texel. 77 pp.
    Heinzelmann, S.M.; Bale, N.J.; Hopmans, E.C.; Sinninghe Damsté, J.S.; Schouten, S.; van der Meer, M.T.J. (2014). Critical Assessment of Glyco- and Phospholipid Separation by Using Silica Chromatography. Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 80(1): 360-365. dx.doi.org/10.1128/AEM.02817-13
    Lipsewers, Y.A.; Bale, N.J.; Hopmans, E.C.; Schouten, S.; Sinninghe Damsté, J.S.; Villanueva, L. (2014). Seasonality and depth distribution of the abundance and activity of ammonia oxidizing microorganisms in marine coastal sediments (North Sea). Front. Microbiol. 5: 471 1-12. dx.doi.org/10.3389/fmicb.2014.00472
    Maat, D.S.; Bale, N.J.; Hopmans, E.C.; Baudoux, A.C.; Sinninghe Damsté, J.S.; Schouten, S.; Brussaard, C.P.D. (2014). Acquisition of intact polar lipids from the prymnesiophyte Phaeocystis globosa by its lytic virus PgV-07T. Biogeosciences 11(1): 185-194. dx.doi.org/10.5194/bg-11-185-2014
    Villanueva, L.; Hopmans, E.C.; Bale, N.; Schouten, S.; Sinninghe Damsté, J.S. (2014). Diversity and distribution of a key sulpholipid biosynthetic gene in marine microbial assemblages. Environ. Microbiol. 16(3): 774-787. dx.doi.org/10.1111/1462-2920.12202
  • 2013
    Bale, N.J.; Hopmans, E.C.; Schouten, S.; Sinninghe Damsté, J.S. (2013). Different seasonality of pelagic and benthic Thaumarchaeota in the North Sea. Biogeosciences 10: 7195–7206. hdl.handle.net/10.5194/bg-10-7195-2013