Royal Netherlands Institute for Sea Research
Royal Netherlands
Institute for Sea Research
Phone number
+31 (0)222 369 357
Location
Texel
Function
Head of Scientific Department

Prof. Dr. Myron Peck

Head of Scientific Department

‘Not just gloom and doom in changing seas’

Biological oceanographer Myron Peck is head of the Department of Coastal Systems at NIOZ. Apart from his management tasks, Peck researches the effects of changing environmental conditions on growth, reproduction and dispersal of numerous animal species. “I am particularly interested in commercially interesting fish species.”

Activity threshold

“With my group, we use laboratory experiments to help understand how marine food webs will respond to warming temperatures or changing acidity and oxygen levels. For example, fish are cold-blooded and increase their swimming and feeding activity with increasing temperature. As these activities increase, the oxygen demand grows as well and, after some warm threshold, a species will start to feed and grow poorly. How do those thresholds and sensitivities compare for traditional species and newer species entering our regional waters? Can fish adapt to these changes by altering where they feed and when they reproduce? When combined with information on fish diets in the field, all of this information can be used in computer models to test the potential effects of climate change on the food web.”

Every disadvantage… holds a chance

From an ecological point of view, climate change is an unwanted and bad outcome of human activities. However, some fisheries might profit in the future if they are ready to move away from traditional species (herring and cod are likely climate losers in our area) and move towards fishing newcomers. Our work at NIOZ helps understand ecological change and predict the winners and losers to provide much needed science-based advice to policymakers developing climate change adaptation policies.”

Future of the sea

“Sustainable fisheries is one of three pillars under the international EU-project Future Mares, that I coordinate. Within this project, we look at so-called Nature-Based Solutions. That means we try to find possibilities to use the power of nature to protect and restore ecosystems.”

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Interests

Research interests

My research interests encompass a broad range of aspects relating to functioning and drivers of estuarine and marine species and ecosystems particularly:

  • coupling of species life history and physiology including evaluating abiotic and biotic factors impacting vital rates (growth, survival, feeding, reproduction) of populations;
  • utilisation of bioenergetics, individual-based and biophysical models to explore various issues such feeding-growth and the spatial and temporal dynamics of transport / connectivity;
  • social-ecological issues surrounding the sustainable exploitation of living marine resources and advancing aquaculture;
  • projecting the impacts of climate change and other (interacting) anthropogenic drivers to provide science-based advice needed by managers and policymakers.

My group’s research includes field, laboratory and modeling studies conducted on key members of food webs from plankton (including copepods to gelatinous species) to various life stages of estuarine and marine fish species with emphasis on early life stages of ecologically and commercially important fishes. Several ongoing research programs are utilizing spatially-explicit, biophysical modelling approaches including end-to-end models (from physics to fish to fisheries). Central to advancing an understanding of social-ecological systems includes research integrating stakeholders such as industry (transdisciplinary research).

Functions

Functions

 

Publications

Publications

Please find my list of publications at the bottom of this webpage or on Google Scholar.  You can download all my publications on ResearchGate

Education

Professional education

 

Awards

Awards and Prizes

 

Other

Other

 

Linked news

Monday 31 August 2020
Myron Peck joins NIOZ as new Head of Coastal Systems
Dr. Myron Peck joins NIOZ as the new Head of Department for Coastal Systems (COS) from the first of September. Despite these challenging times, Peck is excited to make the transition to NIOZ. ‘NIOZ and COS are world-renown for their research on…

NIOZ publications

Linked projects

Diet of Gulls
Supervisor
Myron Peck
Funder
Netherlands Organization for Scientific Research - Dynamisering
Project duration
1 Jun 2013 - 31 Dec 2018
SOMBEE
Supervisor
Myron Peck
Funder
Belmont Forum - BiodivERsA
Project duration
1 Sep 2020 - 31 Dec 2022
FutureMARES
Supervisor
Myron Peck
Funder
European Community || Horizon 2020
Project duration
1 Sep 2020 - 31 Aug 2022