Royal Netherlands Institute for Sea Research
Royal Netherlands
Institute for Sea Research
Phone number
+31 (0)222 369 501
Tenure track Scientist

Dr. Paolo Stocchi

Tenure track Scientist


  • Numerical modeling of glacial isostatic adjustment and sea-level changes
  • Numerical modeling of continental ice sheets fluctuations
  • Numerical modeling of coastal geomorphological and oceanographic processes
  • Numerical modeling of marine sedimentation and stratigraphy
  • Interpretation and integration of paleo and modern sea-level indicators


Causes and consequences of regional sea-level changes based on multiscale numerical modelling


Research interests

My research activity focuses on the numerical modelling of sea-level changes that are caused by ice-sheets fluctuations in response to climate change. In particular, I am interested in studying the physical processes that involve the solid Earth, the oceans and the continental ice masses and that contribute to the complex process known as glacial and hydro isostatic adjustment. Large part of my work has focussed and still focuses on the geological past, but I am also interested in the present-day as well as in future scenarios. My current and future research activity at NIOZ will focus on the interaction between climate-driven processes and ocean dynamics with particular emphasis on the coastal geomorphological as well as ecological response to sea-level change.



From 2017: Tenure track scientist at NIOZ, Department of Coastal Systems (COS)

2012-2016: Post-doc at NIOZ, Department of Physical oceanography (supervisor: Prof. Bert L.A. Vermeersen, TU Delft and NIOZ)

2011-2012: Post-doc at IMAU Institute for Marine and Atmospheric Research, Utrecht University (Utrecht, The Netherlands). Supervisor: Prof. Roderik S.W. van de Wal)

2008-2011: Post-doc at DEOS, Faculty of Aerospace Engineering, TU Delft (Delft, The Netherlands ). Supervisor: Prof. Bert L.A. Vermeersen

2007-2008: Research fellow at the Institute of Physics of the University of Urbino “Carlo Bo”. Supervisor: Dr. Giorgio Spada

2006: Spring Research fellow at the Faculty of Geology of Brown University, Providence (USA). Supervisor: Prof. Donald Forsyth

2003-2006: PhD student at the Department of Geophysics of the University of Bologna. Supervisor: Dr. Giorgio Spada

Fellowships and grants

2007-2008: Research fellowship inSolid Earth Physics, Faculty of Sciences and Technologies, University of Urbino “Carlo Bo”, Urbino, Italy

2006: Fellow Full Grant at Brown University, Providence (RI), USA

2003-2006: Ph.D. Research Fellowship in Geophysics granted by Istituto Nazionale di Geofisica e Vulcanologia (INGV) and University of Bologna



Paolo Stocchi, Fabrizio Antonioli, Paolo Montagna, Fabrizio Pepe, Valeria Lo Presti, Antonio Caruso, Marta Corradino, Gino Dardanelli, Pietro Renda, Norbert Frank, Eric Douville, François Thil, Bas de Boer, Rosario Ruggieri,Rosanna Sciortino, Catherine Pierre, 2017. A stalactite record of four relative sea-level highstands during the Middle Pleistocene Transition. Quaternary Science Reviews, 173, 92-100.

Bas de Boer, Paolo Stocchi, Pippa L. Whitehouse, Roderik S.W. van de Wal, 2017. Current state and future perspectives on coupled ice-sheet – sea-level modelling. Quaternary Science Reviews, 169, 13-28.

Simone Galeotti, Robert DeConto, Timothy Naish, Paolo Stocchi, Fabio Florindo, Mark Pagani, Peter Barrett, Steven M. Bohaty, Luca Lanci, David Pollard, Sonia Sandroni, Franco M. Talarico, James C. Zachos, 2016. Antarctic Ice Sheet variability across the Eocene-Oligocene boundary climate transition. Science, 10.1126/science.aab0669.

Christian Ohneiser, Fabio Florindo, Paolo Stocchi, Andrew P. Roberts, Robert M. DeConto and David Pollard, 2015. Antarctic glacio-eustatic contributions to late Miocene Mediterranean desiccation and reflooding, Nature Communications, DOI: 10.1038/ncomms9765.

Paolo Stocchi, Carlota Escutia, Alexander J. P. Houben, Bert L. A. Vermeersen, Peter K. Bijl, Henk Brinkhuis, Robert M. DeConto, Simone Galeotti, Sandra Passchier, David Pollard and IODP Expedition 318 scientists, 2013. Relative sea-level rise around East Antarctica during Oligocene glaciation, Nature Geoscience, DOI: 10.1038/NGEO1783.

Please find my complete list of NIOZ-publications at the bottom of this webpage. You can download all my publications on ResearchGate.


Professional education

2007: Ph.D in Geophysics at the University of Bologna. Thesis title: 'Glacial isostasy and sea level change in the Mediterranean: near and far-field effects on a millennium to century time-scale' (Supervisor Dr. Giorgio Spada)

2003: 'Magna cum laude' in Environmental Sciences at the University of Urbino 'Carlo Bo'. Thesis title: 'Global sea-level variations: the contribution of Pleistocene deglaciation' (Supervisor Dr. Giorgio Spada)


Collaborations and Activities

From 2013: Member of the Steering Committee of Past Antarctic Ice Sheet Dynamics (PAIS, 

From 2013: Collaborations within the MEDFLOOD MEDiterranean sea-level change and projection for future FLOODing ( 

From 2010: Collaboration within the IODP 318 'Wilkes Land Glacial History' Science Party ( 318/318title.htm)

2007-2012: Member of Working Group 4 (WG4) - COST Action ES0701 (European Science Foundation) titled 'Improved constraints on models of GIA'

2007-2012: Collaboration within the DynaQlim (Upper Mantle Dynamics and Quaternary Climate in Cratonic Areas), Regional Co-ordination committee of the International Lithosphere Program (ILP)

2007-2008: Collaboration in the Italian national MIUR PRIN2006 'Il ruolo del riaggiustamento isostatico postglaciale nelle variazioni di livello marino globale e mediterraneo: nuovi vincoli geofisici, geologici, ed archeologici' of Dr. Giorgio Spada (Università degli Studi di Urbino 'Carlo Bo')

2005-2008: Collaboration in the international project 'Towards a standard model of present-day signals due to post-glacial rebound', Special Bureau for Loading (SBL)

2004-2006: Collaboration in the Italian National Progetto Nazionale MIUR PRIN2004 'Variazioni globali di livello marino e riaggiustamento isostatico postglaciale: effetti delle proprietà reologiche del mantello terrestre sul tasso di incremento del livello marino attuale' of Dr. Giorgio Spada (Università degli Studi di Urbino 'Carlo Bo')

Linked news

Tuesday 31 October 2017
Mysterie ontrafeld: Hoe superstormen reusachtige rotsblokken aan land tillen
Aan de grillige kustlijnen van eilanden zijn soms grote rotsblokken te vinden, maar hoe die daar terecht zijn gekomen blijft vaak een mysterie. Tsunami’s is een veel gehoorde verklaring van wetenschappers. Door een beving onder de zeebodem ontstaan…
Monday 28 August 2017
De Antarctische ijskap verloor 1,2 miljoen jaar geleden een derde van zijn massa
~ English version below ~ De Antarctische ijskap kan een derde van zijn massa verliezen tijdens warme interglaciale perioden. Een internationaal team van wetenschappers, geleid door het NIOZ Koninklijk Nederlands Instituut voor Onderzoek der Zee,…

NIOZ publications

  • 2018
    Antonioli, F.; Ferranti, L.; Stocchi, P.; Deiana, G.; Lo Presti, V.; Furlani, S.; Marino, C.; Orru, P.; Scicchitano, G.; Trainito, E.; Anzidei, M.; Bonamini, M.; Sansò, P.; Mastronuzzi, G. (2018). Morphometry and elevation of the last interglacial tidal notches in tectonically stable coasts of the Mediterranean Sea. Earth-Sci. Rev. 185: 600-623.
    Bom, R.A.; Philippart, C.J.M.; van der Heide, T.; de Fouw, J; Camphuysen, C.J.; Dethmer, K.; Folmer, E.O.; Stocchi, P.; Stuut, J.-B.; van der Veer, H.W.; Al Zakwani, I. (2018). Barr Al Hikman: a pristine coastal ecosystem in the Sultanate of Oman: Current state of knowledge and future research challenges. NIOZ-rapport, 2018(1). NIOZ Royal Institute for Sea Research: Texel. 61 pp.
    Rovere, A.; Casella, E.; Harris, D.L.; Lorscheid, T; Nandasena, N.A.K.; Dyer, B.; Sandstrom, M.R.; Stocchi, P.; D’Andrea, W.J.; Raymo, M.E. (2018). Reply to Hearty and Tormey: Use the scientific method to test geologic hypotheses, because rocks do not whisper. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 115(13): E2904-E2905.
    Stocchi, P.; Vacchi, M.; Lorscheid, T; de Boer, B.; Simms, A.R.; van de Wal, R.S.W; Vermeersen, B.L.A.; Pappalardo, M.; Rovere, A. (2018). MIS 5e relative sea-level changes in the Mediterranean Sea: Contribution of isostatic disequilibrium. Quat. Sci. Rev. 185: 122-134.
    Read more
    Vermeersen, B.L.A.; Slangen, A.B.A.; Gerkema, T.; Baart, F.; Cohen, K.M.; Dangendorf, S.; Duran-Matute, M.; Frederikse, T.; Grinsted, A.; Hijma, M.P.; Jevrejeva, S.; Kiden, P.; Kleinherenbrink, M.; Meijles, E.W.; Palmer, M.D.; Rietbroek, R.; Riva, R.E.M.; Schulz, E.; Slobbe, D.C.; Simpson, M.J.R.; Sterlini, P.; Stocchi, P.; van de Wal, R.S.W.; Van der Wegen, M. (2018). Sea-level change in the Dutch Wadden Sea. Geol. Mijnb. 97(03): 79-127.
  • 2017
    Busschers, F.; Hijma, M.; Stocchi, P.; Reichart, G.-J.; van Heteren, S. (2017). De Vroeg-Holocene verdrinking van de Noordzee. Geo.brief 7
    de Boer, B.; Stocchi, P.; Whitehouse, P.L.; van de Wal, R.S.W. (2017). Current state and future perspectives on coupled ice-sheet – sea-level modelling. Quat. Sci. Rev. 169: 13-28.
    Lorscheid, T; Felis, T.; Stocchi, P.; Obert, J.C.; Scholz, D.; Rovere, A. (2017). Tides in the Last Interglacial: insights from notch geometry and palaeo tidal models in Bonaire, Netherland Antilles. NPG Scientific Reports 7(1): 16241.
    Lorscheid, T; Stocchi, P.; Casella, E.; Gómez-Pujolf, L.; Vacchi, M.; Mann, T.; Rovere, A. (2017). Paleo sea-level changes and relative sea-level indicators: Precise measurements, indicative meaning and glacial isostatic adjustment perspectives from Mallorca (Western Mediterranean). Palaeogeogr. Palaeoclimatol. Palaeoecol. 473: 94–107.
    Palombo, M.R.; Antonioli, F.; Lo Presti, V.; Mannino, M.A.; Melis, R.T.; Orru, P.; Stocchi, P.; Talamo, S.; Quarta, G.; Calcagnile, L.; Deiana, G.; Altamura, S. (2017). The late Pleistocene to Holocene palaeogeographic evolution of the Porto Conte area: Clues for a better understanding of human colonization of Sardinia and faunal dynamics during the last 30 ka. Quaternary International 439: 117-140.
    Rovere, A.; Casella, E.; Harris, D.L.; Lorscheid, T; Nandasena, N.A.K.; Dyer, B.; Sandstrom, M.R.; Stocchi, P.; D’Andrea, W.J.; Raymo, M.E. (2017). Giant boulders and Last Interglacial storm intensity in the North Atlantic. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 114(46): 201712433.
    Simaiakis, S.M.; Rijsdijk, K.F.; Koene, E.F.M.; Norder, S.J.; Van Boxel, J.H.; Stocchi, P.; Hammoud, C.; Kougioumoutzis, K.; Georgopoulou, E.; van Loon, E.; Tjørve, K.M.C.; Tjørve, E. (2017). Geographic changes in the Aegean Sea since the Last Glacial Maximum : Postulating biogeographic effects of sea-level rise on islands. Palaeogeogr. Palaeoclimatol. Palaeoecol. 471: 108-119.
    Stocchi, P.; Antonioli, F.; Montagna, P.; Pepe, F.; Lo Presti, V.; Caruso, A.; Corradino, M.; Dardanelli, G.; Renda, P.; Frank, N.; Douville, E.; Thil, F.; de Boer, B.; Ruggieri, R.; Sciortino, R.; Pierre, C. (2017). A stalactite record of four relative sea-level highstands during the Middle Pleistocene Transition. Quat. Sci. Rev. 173: 92-100.
  • 2016
    Galeotti, S.; DeConto, R.; Naish, T.; Stocchi, P.; Florindo, F.; Pagani, M.; Barrett, P.; Bohaty, S.M.; Lanci, L.; Pollard, D.; Sandroni, S.; Talarico, F.M.; Zachos, J.C. (2016). Antarctic Ice Sheet variability across the Eocene-Oligocene boundary climate transition. Science (Wash.) 352(6281): 76-80.
    Mann, T.; Rovere, A.; Schöne, T.; Klicpera, A.; Stocchi, P.; Lukman, M.; Westphal, H. (2016). The magnitude of a mid-Holocene sea-level highstand in the Strait of Makassar. Geomorphology (Amst.) 257: 155–163.
    Rovere, A.; Raymo, M.E.; Vacchi, M.; Lorscheid, T; Stocchi, P.; Gómez-Pujolf, L.; Harris, D.L.; Casella, E.; O'Leary, M.J.; Hearty, P.J. (2016). The analysis of Last Interglacial (MIS 5e) relative sea-level indicators: Reconstructing sea-level in a warmer world. Earth-Sci. Rev. 159: 404–427.
    Rovere, A.; Stocchi, P.; Vacchi, M. (2016). Eustatic and Relative Sea Level Changes. Current Climate Change Reports 2(4): 221–231.