Royal Netherlands Institute for Sea Research
Royal Netherlands
Institute for Sea Research
Phone number
+31 (0)222 369 530
Location
Texel
Function
PhD student
University
Rijksuniversiteit Groningen
Promotor
dr. Tjisse van der Heide
Expertise
  • Coastal ecology
  • Biogeomorphology

Carlijn Lammers

PhD student
Interests

Research interests

I am a coastal ecologist working as a PhD student in the project "Small steps, giant leaps - Building coastal landscapes with spatially organizing plants". In this project we (Tjisse van der Heide, Valérie Reijers, Clea van de Ven and I) are researching how clonally expanding grasses build coastal landscapes through biophysical interactions. 

The formation of vegetated coastal ecosystems requires landscape forming plants to generate sufficiently strong self-promoting feedbacks. For instance, clonally expanding dune grasses increasingly stimulate sedimentation of airborn particles with increasing patch size and shoot density, which promotes their own growth. Recently, it was found that dune grasses deploy distinct clonal expansion strategies that control their spatial shoot organization and therefore their feedback strength in the early phase of ecosystem colonization. In the first year of the project (2019), we researched whether these clonal expansion strategies are environmental dependent and how these strategies differ between different species of cordgrass and dune grass along the European West coast (from France to Denmark).

Furthermore, an experiment to determine how establishment structures influence the clonal growth strategies of cordgrass and dune grass on Texel (NL) and Sapelo Island (GA, USA) was started in 2019. These biodegradable establishment structures (BESE) are found to enhance survival and growth of cordgrasses. However, how this affects the growth strategy and subsequently landscape building capacity of the plants is influenced is unknown.

In the spring of 2020, we set up a field experiment to identify bottlenecks in the establishment of marram grass (Ammophila arenaria). Marram grass is known for its efficient dune building and is used in restoration and conservation around the world. Little is known about the germination and establishment of marram grass. In this experiment the establishment success from seed and rhizome is compared on five different beach locations on Texel and Terschelling. These locations differ in beach width and have differing physical conditions. Besides, the effect of existing vegetation on establishment of new seedlings is tested.

Functions

Functions

 

Publications

Key-publications

Please find my list of publications at the bottom of this webpage or on:

Google Scholar

Researcher ID

 

Education

Professional education

 

Awards

Awards and Prizes

 

Other

Other

My colleague Clea van de Ven and I were interviewed by Studio Buiten Werking for the online Oerol Festival 2020. 

NIOZ publications

Linked projects

Small steps, giant leaps
Funder
Netherlands Organization for Scientific Research - Veni/Vidi/Vici
Project duration
1 Jul 2018 - 30 Jun 2023