Royal Netherlands Institute for Sea Research
Phone number
+31 (0)222 36 9444
Ocean Systems (OCS)
Guest researcher
Universiteit Utrecht
Gert-Jan Reichart

Nora Fried

Guest researcher

My PhD-project focusses on the Irminger Current, which is responsible for the northward transport of heat and freshwater into the Irminger Basin. I will analyze the Irminger Current’s variability on subseasonal to interannual time scales.

The goal of the project is to identify causes for the Irminger Currents variability and to understand its contribution to the Atlantic Meridional Overturning Circulation. I will mainly focus on mooring data from five deep-reaching moorings which are part of OSNAP (Overturning in the Subpolar North Atlantic Project) combined with hydrographic section and altimetry data.

Cruises and Expeditions:

  • RV Pelagia cruise, PE473 - OSNAP East, July-August 2020, Irminger Sea
  • RV Maria S. Merian, MSM74 - OSNAP West, May-June 2018, Labrador Sea
  • Station Nord/ Villum Research Station, PAMARCMIP, March-April 2018, northern Greenland
  • RV Maria S. Merian, MSM54 - OSNAP West, May-June 2016, Labrador Sea
  • RV Meteor, M119, September-October 2015, Tropical Atlantic

RV Pelagia, July/August 2020

Linked news

Tuesday 25 May 2021
Changes in North Atlantic deep western boundary currents might not be related to variations in the strength of the MOC
Scientists discovered that changes in the density of North Atlantic deep western boundary currents were not directly linked to the strength of the Meridional Overturning Circulation in 2014-2018. This new study, through the international efforts of…

Linked blogs

Wednesday 22 July 2020
Follow the team of NIOZ scientist Femke de Jong as they head from Texel towards Cape Farewell (Greenland) on the RV Pelagia. Along the way they service moorings and deploy drifters to get a better understanding of possible pathways for freshwater…

NIOZ publications

  • 2023
    Fu, Y.; Lozier, M.S.; Biló, T.C.; Bower, A.S.; Cunningham, S.A.; Cyr, F.; de Jong, M.F.; deYoung, B.; Drysdale, L.; Fraser, N.; Fried, N.; Furey, H.H.; Han, G.; Handmann, P.; Holliday, N.P.; Holte, J.; Inall, M.E.; Johns, W.E.; Jones, S.; Karstensen, J.; Li, F.; Pacini, A.; Pickart, R.S.; Rayner, D.; Straneo, F.; Yashayaev, I. (2023). Seasonality of the Meridional Overturning Circulation in the subpolar North Atlantic. Commun. Earth Environ. 4(1).
  • 2022
    Desbruyères, D.G.; Bravo, E.P.; Thierry, V.; Mercier, H.; Lherminier, P.; Cabanes, C.; Biló, T.C.; Fried, N.; de Jong, M.F. (2022). Warming‐to‐cooling reversal of overflow‐derived water masses in the Irminger Sea during 2002‐2021. Geophys. Res. Lett. 49(10): e2022GL098057.
    Fried, N.; de Jong, M.F. (2022). The role of the Irminger Current in the Irminger Sea northward transport variability. JGR: Oceans 127(3): e2021JC018188.
  • 2021
    Li, F.; Lozier, M. S.; Bacon, S.; Bower, A. S.; Cunningham, S. A.; de Jong, M. F.; deYoung, B.; Fraser, N.; Fried, N.; Han, G.; Holliday, N. P.; Holte, J.; Houpert, L.; Inall, M. E.; Johns, W. E.; Jones, S.; Johnson, C.; Karstensen, J.; Le Bras, I. A.; Lherminier, P.; Lin, X.; Mercier, H.; Oltmanns, M.; Pacini, A.; Petit, T.; Pickart, R. S.; Rayner, D.; Straneo, F.; Thierry, V.; Visbeck, M.; Yashayaev, I.; Zhou, C. (2021). Subpolar North Atlantic western boundary density anomalies and the Meridional Overturning Circulation. Nature Comm. 12: 3002.
  • 2020
    de Jong, M.F.; de Steur, L.; Fried, N.; Bol, R.; Kritsotalakis, S. (2020). Year‐round measurements of the Irminger Current: Variability of a two‐core current system observed in 2014–2016. JGR: Oceans 125(10).